Countries of the World:
Resources about India including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of India
GDP (FY 2009 est): $1.095 trillion ($1,210 billion).
Real growth rate (2009 est.): 6.5%.
Per capita GDP (PPP, FY 2008): $3,100.
Natural resources: Coal, iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite,
chromite, thorium, limestone, barite, titanium ore,
diamonds, crude oil.
Agriculture: 17% of GDP. Products--wheat, rice, coarse
grains, oilseeds, sugar, cotton, jute, tea.
Industry: 28.2% of GDP. Products--textiles, jute, processed
food, steel, machinery, transport equipment, cement,
aluminum, fertilizers, mining, petroleum, chemicals, and
Services and transportation: 54.9% of GDP.
Trade: Exports (FY 2009 est)--$164.3 billion; engineering
goods, petroleum products, precious stones, cotton apparel
and fabrics, gems and jewelry, handicrafts, tea. Services
exports $101.2 billion in 2008-09, represent more than one
third of India's total exports.
Software exports--$35.76 billion. Imports (FY 2009 est)--
$268.4 billion; petroleum, machinery and transport
equipment, electronic goods, edible oils, fertilizers,
chemicals, gold, textiles, iron and steel. Major trade
partners--U.S., China, U.A.E., EU, Russia, Japan.
Geography of India
Area: 3.29 million sq. km. (1.27 million sq. mi.); about one-
third the size of the U.S.
Cities: Capital--New Delhi (pop. 12.8 million, 2001 census).
Other major cities--Mumbai, formerly Bombay (16.4 million);
Kolkata, formerly Calcutta (13.2 million); Chennai, formerly
Madras (6.4 million); Bangalore (5.7 million); Hyderabad (5.5
million); Ahmedabad (5 million); Pune (4 million).
Terrain: Varies from Himalayas to flat river valleys and
deserts in the west.
Climate: Alpine to temperate to subtropical monsoon.
Government of India
Type: Federal republic.
Independence: August 15, 1947.
Constitution: January 26, 1950.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), prime
minister (head of government), Council of Ministers (cabinet).
Legislative--bicameral parliament (Rajya Sabha or Council of
States, and Lok Sabha or House of the People). Judicial--
Political parties: Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya
Janata Party (BJP), Communist Party of India-Marxist, and
numerous regional and small national parties.
Political subdivisions: 28 states,* 7 union territories
(including National Capital Territory of Delhi).
Suffrage: Universal over 18.
Map of India
This Map of India shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including New Delhi the capital of India.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of India
The Official Name of India is the Republic of India. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of India
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Indian(s).
Population (2010 est): 1.17 billion; urban 29%.
Annual growth rate: 1.376%.
Density: 324/sq. km.
Ethnic groups: Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, others 3%. While
the national census does not recognize racial or ethnic
groups, it is estimated that there are more than 2,000 ethnic
groups in India.
Religions: Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh
1.9%, other groups including Buddhist, Jain, Parsi within
1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census).
Languages: Hindi, English, and 16 other official languages.
Education: Years compulsory--K-10. Literacy--61%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--49.13/1,000. Life expectancy--
66.46 years (2009 est.).
Work force (est.): 467 million. Agriculture--52%; industry and
commerce--14%; services and government--34%.
If you notice a broken link or any error PLEASE report it by clicking