Countries of the World:
Resources about Indonesia including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Indonesia
GDP (2007): $433 billion; (2008): $511 billion; (2009): $542
Annual growth rate (2007): 6.3%; (2008): 6.1%; (2009): 4.5%;
(2010 est.): 6.0%.
Inflation, end-period (2007): 6.6%; (2008): 11.1%; (2009):
2.8%; (2010 est.): 6.0%.
Per capita income (2009 est., PPP): $4,149.
Natural resources (10.5% of GDP, 2009): Oil and gas,
bauxite, silver, tin, copper, gold, coal.
Agriculture (15.3% of GDP, 2009): Products--timber, rubber,
rice, palm oil, coffee. Land--17% cultivated.
Manufacturing (26.4% of GDP, 2009): Garments, footwear,
electronic goods, furniture, paper products.
Trade: Exports (2009)--$116.5 billion including oil, natural
gas, crude palm oil, coal, appliances, textiles, and rubber.
Major export partners--Japan, U.S., China, Singapore,
Malaysia, and Republic of Korea. Imports (2009)--$96.86
billion including oil and fuel, food, chemicals, capital
goods, consumer goods, iron and steel. Major import
partners--Singapore, China, Japan, U.S., Malaysia, Thailand,
Geography of Indonesia
Area: 2 million sq. km. (736,000 sq. mi.), about three times
the size of Texas; maritime area: 7,900,000 sq. km.
Cities: Capital--Jakarta (est. 8.8 million). Other cities--
Surabaya 3.0 million, Medan 2.5 million, Bandung 2.5 million.
Terrain: More than 17,500 islands; 6,000 are inhabited; 1,000
of which are permanently settled. Large islands consist of
coastal plains with mountainous interiors.
Climate: Equatorial but cooler in the highlands.
Government of Indonesia
Type: Independent republic.
Independence: August 17, 1945 proclaimed.
Constitution: 1945. Embodies five principles of the state
philosophy, called Pancasila, namely monotheism,
humanitarianism, national unity, representative democracy by
consensus, and social justice.
Branches: Executive--president (head of government and chief
of state) elected by direct popular vote. Legislative--The
People's Consultative Assembly (MPR), which includes the 560-
member House of Representatives (DPR) and the 132-member
Council of Regional Representatives (DPD), both elected to 5-
year terms. Judicial--Supreme Court is the final court of
appeal. Constitutional Court has power of judicial review
Suffrage: 17 years of age universal, and married persons
regardless of age.
Map of Indonesia
This Map of Indonesia shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Jakarta the capital of
Indonesia. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Indonesia
The Official Name of Indonesia is the Republic of Indonesia.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Indonesia
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Indonesian(s).
Population (July 2009 est.): 240.3 million.
Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 1.136%.
Ethnic groups (2000 census): Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%,
Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, others 38.4%.
Religions (2000 census): Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%,
Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, others 3.4%.
Languages: Indonesian (official), local languages, the most
prevalent of which is Javanese.
Education: Years compulsory--9. Enrollment--94% of eligible
primary school-age children. Literacy--90.4% (2007).
Health: Infant mortality rate (2009 est.)--29.97/1,000. Life
expectancy at birth (2009 est.)--70.76 years.
Work force: 111.5 million (2008). Agriculture--42%, industry--
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