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Countries of the World: Indonesia
Resources about Indonesia including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Indonesia GDP (2007): $433 billion; (2008): $511 billion; (2009): $542 billion. Annual growth rate (2007): 6.3%; (2008): 6.1%; (2009): 4.5%; (2010 est.): 6.0%. Inflation, end-period (2007): 6.6%; (2008): 11.1%; (2009): 2.8%; (2010 est.): 6.0%. Per capita income (2009 est., PPP): $4,149. Natural resources (10.5% of GDP, 2009): Oil and gas, bauxite, silver, tin, copper, gold, coal. Agriculture (15.3% of GDP, 2009): Products--timber, rubber, rice, palm oil, coffee. Land--17% cultivated. Manufacturing (26.4% of GDP, 2009): Garments, footwear, electronic goods, furniture, paper products. Trade: Exports (2009)--$116.5 billion including oil, natural gas, crude palm oil, coal, appliances, textiles, and rubber. Major export partners--Japan, U.S., China, Singapore, Malaysia, and Republic of Korea. Imports (2009)--$96.86 billion including oil and fuel, food, chemicals, capital goods, consumer goods, iron and steel. Major import partners--Singapore, China, Japan, U.S., Malaysia, Thailand, South Korea.

Geography of Indonesia Area: 2 million sq. km. (736,000 sq. mi.), about three times the size of Texas; maritime area: 7,900,000 sq. km. Cities: Capital--Jakarta (est. 8.8 million). Other cities-- Surabaya 3.0 million, Medan 2.5 million, Bandung 2.5 million. Terrain: More than 17,500 islands; 6,000 are inhabited; 1,000 of which are permanently settled. Large islands consist of coastal plains with mountainous interiors. Climate: Equatorial but cooler in the highlands.

Government of Indonesia Type: Independent republic. Independence: August 17, 1945 proclaimed. Constitution: 1945. Embodies five principles of the state philosophy, called Pancasila, namely monotheism, humanitarianism, national unity, representative democracy by consensus, and social justice. Branches: Executive--president (head of government and chief of state) elected by direct popular vote. Legislative--The People's Consultative Assembly (MPR), which includes the 560- member House of Representatives (DPR) and the 132-member Council of Regional Representatives (DPD), both elected to 5- year terms. Judicial--Supreme Court is the final court of appeal. Constitutional Court has power of judicial review Suffrage: 17 years of age universal, and married persons regardless of age.

Map of Indonesia This Map of Indonesia shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Jakarta the capital of Indonesia. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Indonesia The Official Name of Indonesia is the Republic of Indonesia. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Indonesia Nationality: Noun and adjective--Indonesian(s). Population (July 2009 est.): 240.3 million. Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 1.136%. Ethnic groups (2000 census): Javanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, others 38.4%. Religions (2000 census): Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, others 3.4%. Languages: Indonesian (official), local languages, the most prevalent of which is Javanese. Education: Years compulsory--9. Enrollment--94% of eligible primary school-age children. Literacy--90.4% (2007). Health: Infant mortality rate (2009 est.)--29.97/1,000. Life expectancy at birth (2009 est.)--70.76 years. Work force: 111.5 million (2008). Agriculture--42%, industry-- 12%, services--44%.

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