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Countries of the World: Ireland
Resources about Ireland including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Ireland Nominal GDP (2009): $222.7 billion. Real GDP growth (2009): -7.6%. Nominal GDP per capita (2009): $49,935. Natural resources: Zinc, lead, natural gas, barite, copper, gypsum, limestone, dolomite, peat. Agriculture (2% of GDP): Products--cattle, meat, and dairy products; barley; hay; silage; wheat. Industry (27% of GDP): Types--food processing, beverages, engineering, computer equipment, textiles and clothing, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, construction. Trade (2009, Ireland Central Statistics Office data): Exports- -$116.5 billion (excluding services): machinery, transport equipment, chemicals, food, live animals, manufactured materials, beverages. Imports--$62.5 billion (excluding services): grains, petroleum products, machinery, transport equipment, chemicals, textile yarns. Major suppliers--Great Britain and Northern Ireland 30%, U.S. 18%, France 7%, Germany 5%, China 6%, Japan 2%; rest of the world (including other EU member states) 32%.

Geography of Ireland Area: 70,282 sq. km. (27,136 sq. mi.); slightly larger than West Virginia. Terrain: Arable 10%, meadows and pastures 77%, rough grazing in use 11%, inland water 2%. Climate: Temperate maritime.

Government of Ireland Type: Parliamentary republic. Independence: December 6, 1921. Constitution: December 29, 1937. Branches: Executive--president, head of state; prime minister (taoiseach--pronounced "TEE-shuck"), head of government. Legislative--bicameral national parliament (Oireachtas-- pronounced "o-ROCK-tas"): House of Representatives (Dáil-- pronounced "DOIL") and Senate (Seanad--pronounced "SHAN-ad"). Judicial--Supreme Court. Administrative subdivisions: 26 counties, 34 local authorities. Major political parties: Fianna Fáil, Fine Gael, Labour, Green Party, Sinn Féin (pronounced “FEE-na Fall,” “FEE-na Gale,” and “SHIN Fane”). Suffrage: Universal at 18.

Map of Ireland This Map of Ireland shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Dublin the capital of Ireland. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Ireland The Official Name of Ireland is Ireland. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Ireland Nationality: Noun--Irishman, Irishwoman. Adjective--Irish. Population (April 2009): 4,459,300. Cities: Capital--Dublin (pop. 506,211). Other cities--Cork (119,418), Galway (72,414), Limerick (52,539), Waterford (45,748). Population breakdown: 0-14 years (20%), 15-24 years (15%), 25- 44 years (32%), 45-64 years (22%), 65 years and over (11%). Population growth rate (2009 est.): 0.8%. Ethnic groups: Irish, with English minority. Religions: Roman Catholic 86.8%; Church of Ireland 3%; Presbyterian 0.5%; Methodist 0.25%; Muslim 1%; Jewish 0.1%; other 8.35%. Languages: English, Irish (Gaelic). Education: Compulsory up to age 16. Enrollment rates--first (primary) level 498,914; second (high school and vocational) level 341,312; third (university and college) level 139,134. Literacy--99%. Health: Infant mortality rate--3.71/1,000. Life expectancy at birth--male 76.8 yrs., female 81.6 yrs. Work force: Services--74%, industry--21%, agriculture--5%.

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