Countries of the World:
Resources about Israel including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Israel
Nominal GDP (2009 est.): $195 billion.
Annual real growth rate (2009): 0.8%.
Per capita GDP (2009): $26,178.
Currency: Shekel (3.82 shekels = 1 U.S. dollar; 2009 est.).
Natural resources: Copper, phosphate, bromide, potash, clay,
sand, sulfur, bitumen, manganese.
Agriculture: Products--citrus and other fruits, vegetables,
beef, dairy, and poultry products.
Industry: Types--high-technology projects (including
aviation, communications, computer-aided design and
manufactures, medical electronics, fiber optics), wood and
paper products, potash and phosphates, food, beverages,
tobacco, caustic soda, cement, construction, plastics,
chemical products, diamond cutting and polishing, metal
products, textiles, and footwear.
Trade: Exports (2009 est.)--$50.015 billion. Exports include
polished diamonds, electronic communication, medical and
scientific equipment, chemicals and chemical products,
electronic components and computers, machinery and
equipment, transport equipment, rubber, plastics, and
textiles. Imports (excluding defense imports, 2009 est.)--
$55.2 billion: raw materials, diamonds, energy ships and
airplanes, machinery, equipment, land transportation
equipment for investment, and consumer goods. Major
partners--U.S., U.K., Germany; exports--U.S., Belgium, Hong
Kong; imports--U.S., Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, U.K.
2Israel proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital in 1950. The
United States, like nearly all other countries, maintains
its embassy in Tel Aviv.
Geography of Israel
Area: 20,330 sq. km.1 (7,850 sq. mi.); about the size of New
Cities: Capital--Jerusalem.2 Other cities--Tel Aviv, Haifa,
Terrain: Plains, mountains, desert, and coast.
Climate: Temperate, except in desert areas.
Government of Israel
Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Independence: May 14, 1948.
Constitution: None; however, the Declaration of Independence
(1948), the Basic Laws of the parliament (the Knesset), and
the Israeli citizenship law fill many of the functions of a
Branches: Executive--president (head of state); prime minister
(head of government). Legislative--unicameral Knesset.
Judicial--court system headed by Supreme Court president.
Political parties: Likud, Kadima, Labor, Yisrael Beiteinu and
various other secular and religious parties, including some
wholly or predominantly supported by Israel's Arab citizens. A
total of 12 parties are represented in the 18th Knesset,
elected February 2009.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Israel
This Map of Israel shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Jerusalem the capital of
Israel. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Israel
The Official Name of Israel is the State of Israel. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Israel
Population (2010 est.): 7.59 million.
Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 1.7%.
Ethnic groups: Jews 76.2%; Arabs 19.5%; other 4.3%.
Religions: Judaism, Islam, Christianity, Druze.
Languages: Hebrew (official), Arabic (official), English,
Education: Years compulsory--11. Literacy--96.9% (female
95.6%; male 98.3%).
Health: Infant mortality rate (2009 est.)--4.22/1,000
births. Life expectancy at birth--80.73 years; female 82.95
years, male 78.62 years.
Work force (3.02 million; Central Bureau for Statistics,
2009): Agriculture--2.1%; manufacturing--16.2%; electricity
and water supply--0.8%; construction--5.4%; trade and repair
of motor vehicles--3.6%; accommodation services and
restaurants--4.3%; transport, storage, and communication--
6.5%; banking, insurance, and finance--3.3%; business
activities--13.4%; public administration--4.7%; education--
12.7%; health, welfare, and social services--10.7%;
community, social, and personal services--4.6%; services for
households by domestic personnel--1.6%.
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