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Countries of the World: Italy
Resources about Italy including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Italy GDP (purchasing power parity, 2009): $1.8 trillion. GDP per capita (purchasing power parity, 2009): $29,500. GDP growth: -5.0% (2009); -1.0% (2008); 1.5% (2007); 1.8% (2006); 0.5% (2005); 1.5% (2004), 0.0% (2003 est.); 0.5% (2002); 1.8% (2001). Natural resources: Fish and natural gas. Agriculture: Products--wheat, rice, grapes, olives, citrus fruits, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans beef, dairy products. Industry: Types--tourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics. Trade: Exports (2009)--$402.9 billion f.o.b.: mechanical products, textiles and apparel, transportation equipment, metal products, chemical products, food and agricultural products. Partners (2008)--Germany 12.8%, France 11.8%, Spain 6.5%, U.S. 6.3%, U.K. 5.3%. Imports (2009)--$408.6 billion f.o.b.: machinery and transport equipment, foodstuffs, ferrous and nonferrous metals, wool, cotton, energy products. Partners (2008)--Germany 16.0%, France 8.6%, China 6.3%, Netherlands 5.4%, Russia 4.3%, Spain 3.9%, Belgium 3.8%.

Geography of Italy Area: 301,225 sq. km. (116,303 sq. mi.); about the size of Georgia and Florida combined. Cities: Capital--Rome (pop. 2.8 million, 3.7 million metro). Other cities--Milan (1.3 million, 3.9 metro), Naples (975,000, 3 million metro), Turin (900,000, 2.1 million metro). Terrain: Mostly rugged and mountainous. Climate: Generally mild Mediterranean; cold northern winters.

Government of Italy Type: Republic since June 2, 1946. Constitution: January 1, 1948. Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), Council of Ministers (cabinet) headed by the president of the council (prime minister). Legislative--bicameral parliament: 630- member Chamber of Deputies, 315-member Senate (plus a varying number of "life" Senators). Judicial--independent constitutional court and lower magistracy. Subdivisions: 94 provinces, 20 regions. Political parties: People of Liberty, Democratic Party, Northern League, Italy of Values, Union of the Center, Movement for Autonomy. Suffrage: Vote for House is universal over 18; vote for Senate is universal over 25.

Map of Italy This Map of Italy shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Rome the capital of Italy. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Italy The Official Name of Italy is the Italian Republic. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Italy Nationality: Noun and adjective--Italian(s). Population (November 2009 est.): 60.3 million. Annual population growth rate (2008 est.): 0.07%, mostly due to immigration. Ethnic groups: Primarily Italian, but there are small groups of German-, French-, Slovene-, and Albanian-Italians. Religion: Roman Catholic (majority). Language: Italian (official). Education: Years compulsory--16. Literacy--98%. Health: Infant mortality rate--3.7/1,000 live births. Life expectancy--78.8 years for men; 84.1 years for women. Work force (24.97 million, 2009): Services--67%; industry and commerce--29%; agriculture--4%. Unemployment rate is 7.8%.

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