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Resources about Italy including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Italy
GDP (purchasing power parity, 2009): $1.8 trillion.
GDP per capita (purchasing power parity, 2009): $29,500.
GDP growth: -5.0% (2009); -1.0% (2008); 1.5% (2007); 1.8%
(2006); 0.5% (2005); 1.5% (2004), 0.0% (2003 est.); 0.5%
(2002); 1.8% (2001).
Natural resources: Fish and natural gas.
Agriculture: Products--wheat, rice, grapes, olives, citrus
fruits, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans beef, dairy products.
Industry: Types--tourism, machinery, iron and steel,
chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles,
clothing, footwear, ceramics.
Trade: Exports (2009)--$402.9 billion f.o.b.: mechanical
products, textiles and apparel, transportation equipment,
metal products, chemical products, food and agricultural
products. Partners (2008)--Germany 12.8%, France 11.8%, Spain
6.5%, U.S. 6.3%, U.K. 5.3%. Imports (2009)--$408.6 billion
f.o.b.: machinery and transport equipment, foodstuffs, ferrous
and nonferrous metals, wool, cotton, energy products. Partners
(2008)--Germany 16.0%, France 8.6%, China 6.3%, Netherlands
5.4%, Russia 4.3%, Spain 3.9%, Belgium 3.8%.
Geography of Italy
Area: 301,225 sq. km. (116,303 sq. mi.); about the size of
Georgia and Florida combined.
Cities: Capital--Rome (pop. 2.8 million, 3.7 million metro).
Other cities--Milan (1.3 million, 3.9 metro), Naples (975,000,
3 million metro), Turin (900,000, 2.1 million metro).
Terrain: Mostly rugged and mountainous.
Climate: Generally mild Mediterranean; cold northern winters.
Government of Italy
Type: Republic since June 2, 1946.
Constitution: January 1, 1948.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), Council of
Ministers (cabinet) headed by the president of the council
(prime minister). Legislative--bicameral parliament: 630-
member Chamber of Deputies, 315-member Senate (plus a varying
number of "life" Senators). Judicial--independent
constitutional court and lower magistracy.
Subdivisions: 94 provinces, 20 regions.
Political parties: People of Liberty, Democratic Party,
Northern League, Italy of Values, Union of the Center,
Movement for Autonomy.
Suffrage: Vote for House is universal over 18; vote for Senate
is universal over 25.
Map of Italy
This Map of Italy shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Rome the capital of Italy. (Maps
from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Italy
The Official Name of Italy is the Italian Republic. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Italy
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Italian(s).
Population (November 2009 est.): 60.3 million.
Annual population growth rate (2008 est.): 0.07%, mostly due
Ethnic groups: Primarily Italian, but there are small groups
of German-, French-, Slovene-, and Albanian-Italians.
Religion: Roman Catholic (majority).
Language: Italian (official).
Education: Years compulsory--16. Literacy--98%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--3.7/1,000 live births. Life
expectancy--78.8 years for men; 84.1 years for women.
Work force (24.97 million, 2009): Services--67%; industry and
commerce--29%; agriculture--4%. Unemployment rate is 7.8%.
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