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Countries of the World: Jamaica
Resources about Jamaica including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Jamaica GDP (2009): $14 billion. Real growth rate: -4% (2009 est.); -0.6% (2008); 1.4% (2007). Per capita GDP (2009): $4,500. Natural resources: Bauxite, gypsum, limestone, marble, sand, silica. Agriculture: Products--sugar cane, bananas, coffee, citrus fruits, condiments and spices. Industry: Types--tourism, bauxite and alumina, processed foods, sugar, rum, cement, metal, chemical products, ethanol. Trade (2008): Exports--$2.6 billion: alumina, bauxite, sugar, bananas, chemicals, citrus fruits and products, rum, coffee. Major markets (2005)--U.S. 37%, U.K. 15.5%, and Canada. Imports (2008)--$8.5 billion: fuels, machinery, transportation and electrical equipment, food, fertilizer. Major suppliers (2000)--U.S. 40%, Trinidad and Tobago 15.7%, Venezuela 9%, Japan 3%, China 3%, U.K. 2%, Canada 2%.

Geography of Jamaica Area: 10,991 sq. km. (4,244 sq. mi.). Cities: Capital--Kingston metro area and St. Andrew (pop. 650,000). Other cities--Montego Bay (96,000), Spanish Town (131,515). Terrain: Mountainous, coastal plains. Climate: Tropical.

Government of Jamaica Type: Constitutional parliamentary democracy. Independence: August 6, 1962. Constitution: August 6, 1962. Branches: Executive--Governor General (representing Queen Elizabeth II, chief of state), prime minister, cabinet. Legislative--bicameral Parliament (21 appointed senators, 60 elected representatives). Judicial--Court of Appeal and courts of original jurisdiction. Subdivisions: 14 parishes, 60 electoral constituencies. Political parties: People's National Party (PNP), Jamaica Labour Party (JLP), National Democratic Movement (NDM). Suffrage: Universal at 18.

Map of Jamaica This Map of Jamaica shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Kingston the capital of Jamaica. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Jamaica The Official Name of Jamaica is Jamaica. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Jamaica Nationality: Noun and adjective--Jamaican(s). Population (2009 est.): 2,825,928. Annual growth rate (2009 est.): 0.755%. Ethnic groups: African 90.9%, East Indian 1.3%, Chinese 0.2%, White 0.2%, mixed 7.3%, other 0.1%. Religious affiliation: Anglican, Baptist and other Protestant, Roman Catholic, Rastafarian, Muslim, Jewish. Languages: English, Patois. Education: Years compulsory--to age 18. Literacy (age 15 and over)--87.9%. Health (2009 est.): Infant mortality rate--15.22/1,000. Life expectancy--female 75.3 yrs., male 71.83 yrs. Work force 1.3 million (2008 est.): Industry--17.1%; agriculture--17.9%; services--64.9%.

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