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Countries of the World: Jordan
Resources about Jordan including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Jordan Nominal GDP (2009): $21.92 billion. Annual real growth rate (2009): 3.2%. Per capita GDP (2009): $4,700. Natural resources: Phosphate, potash. Agriculture (3.01% of GDP in 2009): Products--citrus, tomatoes, cucumbers, olives, sheep, poultry, stone fruits, strawberries, melons, dairy. Land--4.5% arable; 2.5% cultivated. Industry (15.95% of GDP in 2009): Types--clothing, phosphate mining, fertilizers, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, potash, inorganic chemicals, and light manufacturing. Trade: Exports (2009)--$7.54 billion: garments, fertilizers, potash, phosphates, pharmaceutical products and vegetables. Major markets--India, U.S., Iraq, Saudi Arabia, EU, U.A.E., Syria, Israel. Imports (2009)--$16.12 billion: crude petroleum and derivatives, machinery and equipment, vehicles, iron, and cereals. Major suppliers--Saudi Arabia (mainly crude oil and derivatives), EU, China, U.S., Egypt, South Korea, Japan, Turkey. Note: From 1949 to 1967, Jordan administered the West Bank. Since the 1967 war, when Israel took control of this territory, the United States has considered the West Bank to be territory occupied by Israel. The United States believes that the final status of the West Bank can be determined only through negotiations among the concerned parties based on UN Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338.

Geography of Jordan Area: 89,342 sq. km. (34,495 sq. mi.). Cities: Capital--Amman (pop. 2.5 million). Other cities--az- Zarqa (472,830), Irbid (272,681), al-'Aqaba (107,115).

Government of Jordan Type: Constitutional monarchy. Independence: May 25, 1946. Constitution: January 8, 1952. Branches: Executive--King (chief of state), Prime Minister (head of government), Council of Ministers (cabinet). Legislative--bicameral parliament (appointed upper house known as the Senate, elected lower house). Judicial--civil, religious, special courts. Suffrage: Universal at 18. Administrative subdivisions: Twelve governorates--Irbid, Jarash, Ajloun, al-'Aqaba, Madaba, al-Mafraq, az-Zarqa, Amman, al-Balqa, al-Karak, at-Tafilah, and Ma'an.

Map of Jordan This Map of Jordan shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Amman the capital of Jordan. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Jordan The Official Name of Jordan is the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Jordan Nationality: Noun and adjective--Jordanian(s). Population (2009): 5.97 million. Religions (2001 census est.): Sunni Muslim 92%, Christian 6%, other 2%. Languages: Arabic (official), English. Education (2007, according to Jordan's Department of Statistics): Literacy--92.1%. Health (2007): Infant mortality rate--20/1,000. Life expectancy--71.6 yrs. male; 74.4 yrs. female. Ethnic groups: Mostly Arab but small communities of Circassians, Armenians, and Chechens. Work force (1.8 million, of which 313,000 are registered guest workers): services 34%, manufacturing 20%, public sector 19%, education 12%, health and social services 11%, agriculture 3%. Unemployment rate (2008): 13% of economically active Jordanians.

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