Countries of the World:
Resources about Kenya including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Kenya
GDP (2009): $29.5 billion.
Annual growth rate (2009): 2.6%.
Gross national income per capita (2008): $770 (Atlas
Natural resources: Wildlife, soda ash, land.
Agriculture: Products--tea, coffee, sugarcane, horticultural
products, corn, wheat, rice, sisal, pineapples, pyrethrum,
dairy products, meat and meat products, hides, skins. Arable
Industry: Types--petroleum products, grain and sugar
milling, cement, beer, soft drinks, textiles, vehicle
assembly, paper and light manufacturing.
Structure of economy (% of GDP): Services--59.5%; industry
and commerce--16.7%; agriculture--23.8%.
Work force: Formal sector wage earners--1.95 million (public
sector 30%; private sector 70%). Informal sector workers--
Trade (2008): Exports--$4.4 billion: tea, coffee,
horticultural products, petroleum products, cement,
pyrethrum, soda ash, sisal, hides and skins, fluorspar.
Major export markets--Uganda, United Kingdom, Tanzania,
Netherlands, United States, Pakistan. Imports--$9.9 billion:
machinery, vehicles, crude petroleum, iron and steel, resins
and plastic materials, refined petroleum products,
pharmaceuticals, paper and paper products, fertilizers,
wheat. Major suppliers--United Arab Emirates, India, China,
South Africa, Japan.
Geography of Kenya
Area: 580,367 sq. km. (224,080 sq mi.); slightly smaller than
Cities: Capital--Nairobi (pop. 2.9 million; 2007 est.). Other
cities--Mombasa (828,500; 2006 est.), Kisumu (650,846; 2005-
6), Nakuru (1.3 million; 2005-6), Eldoret (193,830; 1999).
Terrain: Kenya rises from a low coastal plain on the Indian
Ocean in a series of mountain ridges and plateaus which stand
above 3,000 meters (9,000 ft.) in the center of the country.
The Rift Valley bisects the country above Nairobi, opening up
to a broad arid plain in the north. Highlands cover the south
before descending to the shores of Lake Victoria in the west.
Climate: Tropical in south, west, and central regions; arid
and semi-arid in the north and the northeast.
Government of Kenya
Independence: December 12, 1963.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state, commander in
chief of armed forces), prime minister (head of government),
and two deputy prime ministers. Legislative--unicameral
National Assembly (parliament). Judicial--Court of Appeal,
High Court, various lower and special courts, including
Kadhi (Sharia) courts.
Administrative subdivisions: 140 districts, joined to form 7
rural provinces. The Nairobi area has special provincial
status. The government has gazetted 37 new districts. The
process of establishing these districts is ongoing.
Political parties: Over 40 registered political parties. Two
coalitions, the Party of National Unity (PNU) and the Orange
Democratic Movement (ODM), dominate the political party
scene. PNU membership is filled by parties representing
Kikuyu and closely related ethnic groups; ODM membership
ranks are filled by parties representing nearly everybody
else. PNU and ODM agreed in February 2008 to form a grand
coalition government in a power-sharing arrangement that
ended the political crisis erupting after disputed national
elections in December 2007.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Kenya
This Map of Kenya shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Nairobi the capital of Kenya.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Kenya
The Official Name of Kenya is the Republic of Kenya. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Kenya
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Kenyan(s).
Population (August 2010 est.): 39 million.
Major ethnic groups: Kikuyu 6.6 million, Luhya 5.3 million,
Luo 4 million, Kalenjin 5 million, Kamba 3.9 million, Kisii
2.2 million, Mijikenda 1.9 million.
Religions: Christian 82.6%, Muslim 11.2%, traditional African
religions 5%, Hindu/Sikh/Baha'i/Jewish 1%.
Languages: English (official), Swahili (national), over 40
other languages from the Bantu, Nilotic, and Cushitic
Education: First 8 years of primary school are provided
tuition-free by the government. In January 2008, the
government began offering a program of free secondary
education, subject to some restrictions. Attendance--92% for
primary grades. Adult literacy rate--74%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--57.4/1,000. Life expectancy--
55.3 yrs (2007 est.).
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