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Countries of the World: Kyrgyzstan
Resources about Kyrgyzstan including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Kyrgyzstan GDP: 2008 (est.), $4.6 billion; 2007, $3.75 billion; 2006, $2.8 billion; 2003, $1.9 billion. GDP growth rate in 2008: 7.6%. Inflation rate at end of 2008: 24.4%. GDP per capita (2008 est.): $870. Unemployment rate (as of the end of 2008): 11.1%. Natural resources: Abundant hydropower; significant deposits of gold and rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other deposits of iron, bauxite, copper, tin, molybdenum, mercury, and antimony. Agriculture: Products--tobacco, cotton, wheat, vegetables (potatoes, sugar beets, beans), fruits (apples, apricots, peaches, grapes), berries, sheep, goats, cattle, wool. Industry: Types--small machinery (electric motors, transformers), light industry (cotton and wool processing, textiles, food processing), construction materials (cement, glass, slate), shoes, furniture, mining, energy. Trade: Exports (2008)--$1.6 billion: cotton, wool, meat, tobacco, gold, mercury, uranium, hydropower, machinery, shoes. Partners--Switzerland 27.3%, Russia 19.2%, Uzbekistan 14.3%, Kazakhstan 11.3%, France 6.7%, Afghanistan 2.8%. Imports--$3.3 billion: oil and gas, machinery and equipment, foodstuffs. Partners--Russia 44.3%, China 14.6%, Kazakhstan 11.4%, Uzbekistan 4.4%, U.S. 3.0%. Total external debt mid-2008 was $3.16 billion, of which $2.19 billion was public debt.

Geography of Kyrgyzstan Area: 77,181 sq. mi. Cities: Bishkek (capital), Osh, Cholpon Ata, Karakol. Terrain: 90% mountainous, with some desert regions. Elevation extremes--lowest point: Kulundy village in the Batken province 401 m; highest point: Jengish Chokusu (Pik Pobedy) 7,439 m.

Government of Kyrgyzstan Type: Republic. Independence: August 31, 1991 (from the Soviet Union). Constitution: May 5, 1993; amended in 1996, 1998, 2003, 2006, and 2007. Branches: Executive--president, prime minister. Legislative-- parliament. Judicial--Supreme Court, Constitutional Court, local courts, Procurator-General. Administrative subdivisions: Seven oblasts and the municipality of Bishkek. Political parties and leaders: Ak Jol People's Party, no formal leader, but this is the party of President Bakiyev; Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan, Almazbek Atambayev; Party of Communists of Kyrgyzstan, Iskhak Masaliev; Ar Namys (Dignity) Party, Feliks Kulov; Ata-Meken (Fatherland) Party, Omurbek Tekebaev; Jany Kyrgyzstan Party, Usen Sydykov; Erkindik (Freedom) Party, Shamshibek Utebaev; Zamandash Party, Muktarbek Omurakunov; Ak Shumkar Party, Temir Sariyev; Asaba (Flag), Azimbek Beknazarov; Green Party, Erkin Bulekbayev.

Map of Kyrgyzstan This Map of Kyrgyzstan shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Bishkek the capital of Kyrgyzstan. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Kyrgyzstan The Official Name of Kyrgyzstan is the Kyrgyz Republic. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Kyrgyzstan Nationality: Kyrgyzstani. Population (July 2008): 5,356,869. Annual growth rate (2008): 1.38%. Ethnic groups (2007): Kyrgyz 68.9%; Russian 9.1%; Uzbek 14.4%; Dungan (ethnic Chinese Muslims) 1%; Uighurs 1%; Tajik 0.9%, Kazakh 0.8%, Tatars 0.7%; Korean 0.4%, German 0.3%. Main religions: Islam; Russian Orthodox. Languages: Kyrgyz (state); Russian (official, 2001). Education: Nine years compulsory. Literacy--98.7%. Health (2006): Infant mortality rate--29.2 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy--67.7 years. Population distribution (2006): Urban 64.7%; rural 35.3%.

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