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Countries of the World: Laos
Resources about Laos including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Laos GDP (2010 est.): $6.9 billion. Per capita income (2010 est.): $986. GDP growth rate (2010 est.): 8.5%. Natural resources: Hydroelectric power, timber, and minerals. Agriculture (29% of GDP, 2010 est.): Primary products-- glutinous rice, coffee, corn, sugarcane, vegetables, tobacco, ginger, water buffalo, pigs, cattle, poultry, sweet potatoes, cotton, tea, and peanuts. Industry (25% of GDP, 2010 est.): Primary types--copper, tin, gold, and gypsum mining; timber, electric power, agricultural processing, construction, garments, cement, tourism. Industrial growth rate (2009 est.): 4.8%. Services (2010 est.): 39.2% of GDP. Trade: Exports (2010 est.)--$1.950 billion: gold and copper, electricity, wood and wood products, garments, coffee and other agricultural products, rattan, and tin. Major markets- -Thailand, Vietnam, China, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and Germany. Imports (2010 est.)--$2.258 billion. Major imports- -fuel, food, consumer, goods, machinery and equipment, vehicles and spare parts. Major suppliers--Thailand, Vietnam, China, South Korea, and Belgium.

Geography of Laos Area: 236,800 sq. km. (91,430 sq. mi.); slightly larger than Utah. Cities: Capital--Vientiane (2008 pop. est. 740,010). Other principal towns--Savannakhet, Luang Prabang, Pakse, Thakhek. Terrain: Rugged mountains, plateaus, alluvial plains. Climate: Tropical monsoon; rainy season (May to November); dry season (November to April).

Government of Laos Type: Communist state. Branches: Executive--President (head of state); Chairman, Council of Ministers (prime minister and head of government); 11-member Politburo; 55-member Central Committee. Legislative- -115-seat National Assembly. Judicial--district, provincial, and a national Supreme Court. Political parties: Lao People's Revolutionary Party (LPRP)-- only legal party. Administrative subdivisions: 16 provinces, and Vientiane prefecture.

Map of Laos This Map of Laos shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Vientiane the capital of Laos. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Laos The Official Name of Laos is the Lao People's Democratic Republic. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Laos Nationality: Noun and adjective--Lao (sing. and pl.). Population (2009 est.): 6.8 million. Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 2.3%. Ethnic groups: Tai-Kadai language family (6 ethnic groups)-- 66.2%; Austro-Asiatic (Mon-Khmer and Viet-Muong) language family (30 ethnic groups)--22.8%; Hmong-Yao (2 ethnic groups)- -7.4%; Tibeto-Burman (8 ethnic groups)--2.7%; other ethnic groups (including Vietnamese and Chinese)--0.9%. Religions: Buddhism--65%; Christianity--1.3%; others (principally animism, also Baha’i, and Islam)--33.7%. Languages: Lao (official), English, French, and various ethnic languages. Education: Literacy--69%. Health (2009): Infant mortality rate-77.82/1,000. Life expectancy--56.57 years. Work force (3.691 million, 2010): Agriculture 75.1%; industry 5.5%; services 19.5%.

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