Countries of the World:
Resources about Lebanon including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Lebanon
GDP (2006 est.): $21.5 billion.
GDP growth rate (2006 est.): (-5%).
Per capita GDP (2006 est.): $5,500.
Natural resources: limestone, iron ore, salt.
Agriculture: Products--citrus, grapes, tomatoes, apples,
vegetables, potatoes, olives, tobacco; sheep, goats. Arable
Industry: Types--banking, tourism, food processing, jewelry,
cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and
furniture products, oil refining, metal fabricating.
Trade: Exports--$1.88 billion (2005 est., f.o.b.): authentic
jewelry, inorganic chemicals, miscellaneous consumer goods,
fruit, tobacco, construction minerals, electric power
machinery and switchgear, textile fibers, paper. Major
markets--Syria, U.A.E., Switzerland, Turkey, Saudi Arabia.
Imports--$9.34 billion (2005 est., f.o.b.): petroleum
products, cars, medicinal products, clothing, meat and live
animals, consumer goods, paper, textile fabrics, tobacco.
Major suppliers--Italy, Syria, France, Germany, China, U.S.,
U.K., Saudi Arabia.
Geography of Lebanon
Area: 10,400 sq. km. (4,015 sq. km.) about 0.7 times the size
Cities: Capital--Beirut (pop. 1.5 million). Other cities--
Tripoli/Trablus (210,000), Zahle (60,000),
Sidon/Sayda (50,000), Tyre/Sur (20,000), Byblos/Jbail
Terrain: Narrow coastal plain; El Beqaa (Bekaa Valley)
separates Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon Mountains.
Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool, wet winters with hot,
dry summers; Lebanon mountains experience heavy winter snows.
Government of Lebanon
Independence: November 22, 1943.
Constitution: May 23, 1926.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), prime
minister (head of government), deputy prime minister, cabinet.
Legislative--unicameral national assembly. Judicial--four
Courts of Cassation, Constitutional Council, Supreme Council.
Administrative subdivisions: 8 governorates.
Political parties: Amal Movement, Ba'ath Party, Democratic
Left, Democratic Renewal Movement, Free Patriotic Movement,
Future Movement, Hizballah, Kataeb Party, Kataeb Reform
Movement, Lebanese Forces, National Bloc, Marada Movement,
Nasserite Popular Movement, National Liberal Party, Popular
Bloc, Progressive Socialist Party, Qornet Shehwan Gathering,
Syrian Social National Party, Tachnaq Party.
Suffrage: 21; compulsory for all males; authorized for women
at 21 with elementary education.
Map of Lebanon
This Map of Lebanon shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Beirut the capital of Lebanon.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Lebanon
The Official Name of Lebanon is the Lebanese Republic. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Lebanon
Nationality: noun and adjective--Lebanese (singular and
Population (2006 est.): 3,874,050.
Growth rate (2006 est.): 1.23%.
Major ethnic groups: Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1% (note:
many Christian Lebanese do not identify themselves as Arab but
rather as descendents of the ancient Canaanites and prefer to
be called Phoenicians).
Religions: Muslim 60% (Shi'a, Sunni, Druze, Isma'ili, Alawite
or Nusayri), Christian 39% (Maronite Catholic, Greek Orthodox,
Melkite Catholic, Armenian Orthodox, Syrian Catholic, Armenian
Catholic, Syrian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Chaldean, Assyrian,
Copt, Protestant), other 1%.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, French, Armenian.
Education: Years compulsory--8. Attendance--99%. Literacy
(2005 est.)--87.4%; 93.1% male, 82.2% female.
Health (2006 est.): Infant mortality rate--23.7/1,000. Life
expectancy--70.41 male, 75.48 female.
Work force (2001 est.): 2.6 million.
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