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Countries of the World: Liechtenstein
Resources about Liechtenstein including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Liechtenstein GDP (2009): U.S. $5.0 billion (SFr. 5.5 billion). Annual growth rate (2008): +1.1%. Unemployment (February 2009): 2.7%, or 484 individuals. (Unemployment rate for the year 2008: 2.3%.) Avg. inflation rate (2009): 0.5%. Consumer price index: +3.4% since 2005. Agriculture (2008): 6% of GDP; 1.5% of the total workforce. Products--wheat, barley, corn, potatoes, livestock, dairy products. Industry (2008): 39% of GDP; 42.2% of the total workforce. Types--electronics, metal manufacturing, textiles, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, food products, precision instruments. General services (2008): 23% of GDP; 38.9% of the total workforce. Financial services (2008): 31% of GDP; 17.4% of the total workforce. Workforce: 67.7% of total 33,415-person workforce is filled by foreign commuters (50.6% Swiss, 45.3% Austrians), and 32.3% by Liechtenstein citizens. Trade (2009): Exports--$2.79 billion (SFr 3.08 billion). Main products--small specialty machinery, dental products, stamps, hardware, pottery. Major markets--Western Europe (61.72%) Asia (12.49%), North America (12.07%). Imports-- $1.73 billion (SFr 1.92 billion). Main products--machinery, metal goods, textiles, foodstuffs, motor vehicles. Major suppliers--EU countries, Switzerland. Banking assets: In 2009, customer deposits were valued at $127.2 billion (SFr. 139.9 billion; +3.5% over 1 year, - 27.0% over 2 years). Exchange rate (November 2010): $1 U.S. = 0.9833 CHF or SFr.

Geography of Liechtenstein Area: 61.7 sq. miles. (160 sq km.); about the size of Washington, DC. Cities: Capital--Vaduz. Terrain: 66% mountains, the remainder hills and plateau situated next to the Rhine. Climate: Cold winters, hot summers; due to the south wind (Fohn), the climate can be described as temperate varying by season.

Government of Liechtenstein Type: Hereditary constitutional monarchy. Independence: January 23, 1719 Imperial Principality of Liechtenstein established; July 12, 1806 established independence from the Holy Roman Empire. Constitution: October 5, 1921. Branches: Executive--Chief of state: Prince Hans Adam II (assumed executive powers on August 26, 1984, acceded to the throne on November 13, 1989); the Hereditary Prince Alois, son of the monarch, was born on June 11, 1968. Alois was appointed the permanent representative of the Prince on August 15, 2004. Head of government: Klaus Tschutscher (since March 25, 2009). Cabinet: Five cabinet members. The cabinet is elected by the parliament, and approved by the Prince. Legislative--unicameral parliament or Landtag (25 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote under proportional representation to serve 4-year terms). Judicial--District Court (low), Superior Court (medium), Supreme Court (high). Administrative subdivisions: The country is subdivided into 11 municipalities. Political parties: Patriotic Union (VU), Progressive Citizens' Party (FBP), and the Free List (FL). Currency: Swiss Franc. National holiday: Assumption Day, August 15.

Map of Liechtenstein This Map of Liechtenstein shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Vaduz the capital of Liechtenstein. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Liechtenstein The Official Name of Liechtenstein is the Principality of Liechtenstein. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Liechtenstein Nationality: Noun--Liechtensteiner(s), adjective-- Liechtenstein. Population (2009): 35,904, of which 67% are Liechtensteiners, 10.1% are Swiss, 5.7% Austrians, 3.4% Germans, 3.3% Italians, and 9.9% others. Annual population growth rate: 0.9% (or 233 persons). Religions (2000): Roman Catholic 78.4%, Protestant 8.3%, others 13.3%. Languages: German (official), Alemannic dialect.

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