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Countries of the World: Lithuania
Resources about Lithuania including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Lithuania GDP (2009): $32.8 billion. Annual growth rate (2009): -14.8%. Annual inflation rate (May 2010): 1.4%. Unemployment rate (2010, first quarter): 18.1%. Average monthly earnings (2010, first quarter): $725. Natural resources: Limestone, clay, sand, gravel, iron ore, and granite. Major sectors of the economy (2009, third quarter): wholesale and retail trade, transport, and communications 33%, manufacturing 19.8%. Trade: Exports--$13.7 billion (January-October 2009): mineral products 21.6%, machinery and mechanical appliances 9.8%, chemicals 9.3%, vehicles and transport equipment 9.8%. Major export partners--EU 64.3%, CIS 22.9%. Imports--$15.5 billion (January-October 2009): mineral products 29.7%, machinery and equipment 12.6%, transportation equipment 6.4%. Major import partners--EU 58.5%, CIS 33.5%.

Geography of Lithuania Area: 65,200 sq. km. (26,080 sq. mi.); slightly larger than West Virginia. Cities (2008): Capital--Vilnius (pop. 542,809); other cities-- Kaunas (358,107); Klaipeda (185,899); Siauliai (128,396). Terrain: Lithuania's fertile, central lowland plains are separated by hilly uplands. A total of 758 rivers, many navigable, and 2,833 lakes cover the landscape. The coastline is 90 km. (56 mi.) long. Land use--44.2% arable land, 0.91% cultivated, 53.87% other. Climate: With four distinct seasons, the climate is humid continental, with a moderating maritime influence from the Baltic Sea. January temperatures average -5C (23F); July, 17C (63F). The level of precipitation varies considerably from region to region: in the far west, average annual precipitation is 28-33 in., while in the central plain it is about 24 in.

Government of Lithuania Type: Parliamentary democracy. Constitution: On October 25, 1992, Lithuanians ratified a new constitution, which was officially signed on November 6 that year. Branches: Executive--President (chief of state), popularly elected every 5 years; Prime Minister (head of government); Legislative--Seimas (141-member Parliament). Judicial-- Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, and Highest Administrative Court. Administrative regions: 10 counties and 60 municipalities. Principal political parties/coalitions: Four-party governing coalition has 70 members (including the Speaker). Conservatives--45 seats; National Revival Party faction--7 seats; Liberal Movement--11 seats; Liberal and Center Union faction--7 seats. Opposition has 59 members: Social Democrat faction--25 seats; Order and Justice Party faction--18 seats (including 3 Polish Electoral Action Party MPs); Labor Party--10 seats; non-affiliated faction--5 seats (including 3 Peasants Party MPs, 1 Social Liberal MP, and 1 independent). The Christian Party (formerly known as Lithuania United) faction claims to be independent and has 12 seats. Suffrage: Universal adult (18 years of age). General government budget (2010): $10.9 billion.

Map of Lithuania This Map of Lithuania shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Vilnius the capital of Lithuania. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Lithuania The Official Name of Lithuania is the Republic of Lithuania. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Lithuania Nationality: Noun and adjective--Lithuanian(s). Population (2009): 3,331,194. Annual population growth rate (2008): -0.6%. Birth rate-- 10.5/1,000. Death rate--13.1/1,000. Population density (2007): 51.8 per sq. km. Ethnic groups (2007): Lithuanians 84.6%, Poles 6.3%, Russians 5.1%. Religions (2001 census): Roman Catholic (79%), Russian Orthodox (4.1%), Protestant (including Lutheran and Evangelical Christian Baptist) (1.9%). Languages (2008): Lithuanian (official language) 84.6%, Russian, and Polish Education: Years compulsory--10 (until the age of 16). Literacy--99.6%. Health (2007): Infant mortality rate--6.9/1,000. Life expectancy--66.3 yrs. male, 77.57 yrs. female. Work force (2008): 1.59 million. Services 61.3%; industry 30.3%; agriculture 8.4%.

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