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Countries of the World: Macedonia
Resources about Macedonia including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Macedonia GDP (2009 est.): $9.473 billion. Per capita GDP (2009 est.): $9,000. Real GDP growth (2009 est.): -1.5%. Annualized inflation rate (2009 est., Consumer Price Index- based): -0.8%. Unemployment rate (third quarter 2009): 31.7%. Trade: Significant exports--steel, textile products, chromium, lead, zinc, nickel, tobacco, lamb, and wine. Official exchange rate (2009 avg.): 44.13 Macedonian denars = U.S. $1; (2008 avg.): 41.83 Macedonian denars = U.S. $1.

Geography of Macedonia Area: 25,713 square km. (slightly larger than Vermont). Cities (2001 est.): Capital--Skopje 600,000; Tetovo, Kumanovo, Gostivar, and Bitola 100,000+. Geography: Situated in the southern region of the Balkan Peninsula, Macedonia is landlocked and mountainous. Climate: Three climatic types overlap--Mediterranean; moderately continental; and mountainous, producing hot, dry summers and cold, snowy winters.

Government of Macedonia Type: Parliamentary democracy. Constitution: Adopted November 17, 1991, effective November 20, 1991; amended 2001, 2005, and 2009. (Note: Amended November 2001 by a series of new constitutional amendments strengthening minority rights, in 2005 with amendments related to the judiciary, and in 2009 related to the census for the election of president.) Independence: September 8, 1991 (from Yugoslavia). Branches: Executive--prime minister (head of government), council of ministers (cabinet), president (head of state). Legislative--unicameral parliament or Sobranie (120 members elected by popular vote to 4-year terms from party lists based on the percentage parties gain of the overall vote in each of six election units, with 20 seats per unit). Judicial--Supreme Court, State Judicial Council, Constitutional Court, Public Prosecutor's Office, Public Attorney. Legal system is based on civil law; judicial review of legislative acts. Subdivisions: 84 opstini (municipalities) plus the city of Skopje. Suffrage: Universal at age 18. Main political parties: Democratic Alliance or DS (Pavie Trajanov), Democratic Party of Serbs in Macedonia (Ivan Stoiljkovic), Democratic Party of the Albanians PDSh/DPA (Menduh Thaci), Democratic Party of Turks in Macedonia (Kenan Hasipi), Movement for Reconstruction of Macedonia or DOM (Liljana Popovska), Democratic Union for Integration or BDI/DUI (Ali Ahmeti), Liberal Democratic Party (Jovan Manasijevski), Liberal Party (Borce Stojanovski), New Alternative (Gjorgji Orovcanec), New Democracy or DR (Imer Selmani), New Social-Democratic Party or NSDP (Tito Petkovski), Party for Democratic Action in Macedonia or SDAM (Avdija Pepic), Party for European Future or PEI (Fijat Canoski), Social-Democratic Union of Macedonia or SDSM (Branko Crvenkovski), Socialist Party (Ljubisav Ivanov Dzingo), Union of Roma of Macedonia (Amdi Bajram), VMRO- DPMNE Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity (Nikola Gruevski), VMRO-Macedonian (Borislav Stojmenov), United for Macedonia or OM (Ljube Boskovski).

Map of Macedonia This Map of Macedonia shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Skopje the capital of Macedonia. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Macedonia The Official Name of Macedonia is the Republic of Macedonia. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Macedonia Population (2006 est.): 2,053,799. Population growth rate (2006 est.): 0.2%. Ethnic groups (2002): Macedonian 64.18%, Albanian 25.17%, Turkish 3.85%, Roma 2.66%, Serb 1.78%. Religions: Eastern Orthodox 65%, Muslim 29%, Catholic 4% and others 2%. Languages: Macedonian 70%, Albanian 21%, Turkish 3%, Serbian 3%, and others 3%. Education: Years compulsory--12. Literacy--94.6%. Health (2006 est.): Infant mortality rate--10.8 deaths/per 1,000 live births. Life expectancy (2006 est.)--males 71.79 years; females 76.43 years. Labor force (third quarter 2009): 940,661; employed 642,541: services--36.0%; industry and commerce--45.4%; agriculture-- 18.6%.

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