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Countries of the World: Madagascar
Resources about Madagascar including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Madagascar GDP (U.S.$, 2008 est., official exchange rate): $9.729 billion. GDP per capita (2008 est., purchasing power parity): $1,000. Unemployment: no reliable data available. Natural resources: Graphite, chrome, coal, bauxite, ilmenite, nickel, gold, oil, tar sands, precious and semiprecious stones, and hardwoods. Agriculture (26% of GDP, 2008 est.): Products--rice, livestock, seafood, coffee, vanilla, sugar, cloves, cotton, sisal, peanuts, and tobacco. Industry (15.9% of GDP, 2008 est.): Types--processed food, clothing, textiles, mining, paper, refined petroleum products, glassware, construction, soap, cement, tanning. Trade: Exports (2007, f.o.b.) $989 million: apparel, shrimp, vanilla, coffee, cloves, graphite, essential oils, industrial minerals and gemstones. Major export markets--France, U.S., Germany, Italy, U.K. Imports (2007, f.o.b.) $1.933 billion: foodstuffs, fuel and energy, capital goods, vehicles, consumer goods and electronics. Major suppliers--France, China, Iran, Mauritius, Hong Kong.

Geography of Madagascar Area: 592,800 sq. km. (228,880 sq. mi.). Cities: Capital--Antananarivo (pop. about 1,300,000). Other cities--Antsirabe (about 500,000), Mahajanga (about 400,000), Toamasina (about 450,000). Terrain: Mountainous central plateau, coastal plain. Climate: Moderate interior, tropical coasts.

Government of Madagascar Type: Republic. Independence: June 26, 1960. Constitution: Entered into force in March 1998. Branches: Executive--president, prime minister, cabinet. Judicial--Supreme Court, High Court of Justice, Constitutional High Court. Legislative--National Assembly and Senate. NOTE: On March 17, 2009, democratically elected President Marc Ravalomanana stepped down and purported to transfer his authority to a senior military figure, who in turn purported to confer the presidency on opposition leader Andry Rajoelina, who is currently heading the High Transitional Authority (HAT). The United States characterized the transfer of power as tantamount to a military coup d’état and does not recognize the HAT. References to de-facto government officials in this text are factual only and do not reflect U.S. recognition of the HAT regime. Suffrage: Universal at 18. National holiday: June 26.

Map of Madagascar This Map of Madagascar shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Antananarivo the capital of Madagascar. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Madagascar The Official Name of Madagascar is the Republic of Madagascar. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Madagascar Nationality: Noun and adjective--Malagasy. Population (2009 estimate): 20,653,556. Annual population growth rate (2009 estimate): 3%. Ethnic groups: 18 Malagasy tribes; small groups of Comorans, French, Indians, and Chinese. Religions: Traditional beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7%. Languages: Malagasy (official), French (official), English (official). Education: Years compulsory--5. Attendance--65%. Literacy-- 68.9%. Health: Infant mortality rate--54.2/1,000. Life expectancy-- 62.89 yrs. Work force (2000): 7.3 million. Agriculture--80%; industry-- 7%.

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