Countries of the World:
Resources about Malaysia including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Malaysia
Nominal GDP: $191.5 billion.
Annual real GDP growth rate: 5.9% (2006); 6.3% (2007); 4.6%
(2008); -1.7% (2009).
Nominal per capita income (GNI): $ 6,897.
Natural resources: Petroleum, liquefied natural gas (LNG),
Agricultural products: Palm oil, rubber, timber, cocoa, rice,
tropical fruit, fish, coconut.
Industry: Types--electronics, electrical products, chemicals,
food and beverages, metal and machine products, apparel.
Trade: Merchandise exports--$1167.7 billion: electronic
products, manufactured goods, petroleum, palm oil, liquid
natural gas, apparel, timber, rubber. Major markets--
Singapore 14.0%, China 12.2%, U.S. 11.0%, Japan 9.8%.
Merchandise imports--$131.8 billion: electronic products,
machinery, chemicals, manufactured goods, petroleum products.
Major suppliers-- China 14.0%, Japan 12.5%, U.S. 11.2%,
Geography of Malaysia
Area: 329,748 sq. km. (127,315 sq. mi.); slightly larger than
Cities: Capital--Kuala Lumpur. Other cities--Penang, Ipoh,
Malacca, Johor Baru, Shah Alam, Klang, Kuching, Kota Kinabalu,
Kota Baru, Kuala Terengganu, Miri, Petaling Jaya.
Terrain: Coastal plains and interior, jungle-covered
mountains. The South China Sea separates peninsular Malaysia
from East Malaysia on Borneo.
Government of Malaysia
Type: Federal parliamentary democracy with a constitutional
Independence: August 31, 1957. (Malaya, which is now
peninsular Malaysia, became independent in 1957. In 1963
Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore formed Malaysia.
Singapore became an independent country in 1965.)
Subdivisions: 13 states and three federal territories (Kuala
Lumpur, Labuan Island, Putrajaya federal administrative
territory). Each state has an assembly and government headed
by a chief minister. Nine of these states have hereditary
rulers, generally titled "sultans," while the remaining four
have appointed governors in counterpart positions.
Branches: Executive--Yang di-Pertuan Agong (head of state
and customarily referred to as the king; has ceremonial
duties), prime minister (head of government), cabinet.
Legislative--bicameral parliament, comprising 70-member
Senate (26 elected by the 13 state assemblies, 44 appointed
by the king on the prime minister's recommendation) and 222-
member House of Representatives (elected from single-member
districts). Judicial--Federal Court, Court of Appeals, high
courts, session's courts, magistrate's courts, and juvenile
courts. Sharia courts hear cases on certain matters
involving Muslims only.
Political parties: Barisan Nasional (National Front)--a
coalition comprising the United Malays National Organization
(UMNO) and 12 other parties, most of which are ethnically
based; Democratic Action Party (DAP); Parti Islam se
Malaysia (PAS); Parti Keadilan Rakyat Malaysia (PKR). There
are more than 30 registered political parties, including the
foregoing, not all of which are represented in the federal
Suffrage: Universal adult (voting age 21).
Map of Malaysia
This Map of Malaysia shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Kuala Lumpur the capital of
Malaysia. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Malaysia
The Official Name of Malaysia is Malaysia. (Facts from the
U.S. State Department)
People of Malaysia
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Malaysian(s).
Population (2009): 28.3 million.
Annual growth rate: 2.0%.
Ethnic groups: Malay 53.3%, Chinese 26.0%, indigenous 11.8%,
Indian 7.7%, others 1.2%.
Religions: Islam (60.4%), Buddhism (19.2%), Christianity
(9.1%), Hinduism (6.3%), other/none (5.0%).
Languages: Bahasa Melayu (official), Chinese (various
dialects), English, Tamil, indigenous.
Education: Years compulsory--6. Attendance--90.1% (primary),
60.0% (secondary). Literacy--93.5%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2007)--6.7/1,000. Life
expectancy (2007)--female 76.4 yrs., male 71.9 yrs.
Work force (10.89 million, 2007): Services--57%; industry--28%
(manufacturing--19%, mining and construction--9%);
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