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Countries of the World: Maldives
Resources about Maldives including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Maldives GDP (2009): $1.473 billion. GDP growth rate (2009): -3%. Per capita GDP (2009 est.): $4,600. Inflation, year over year (2009 est.): 4%. Debt, external (2009 est.): $933 million. Exchange rate (official peg): 12.8 rufiyaa (MVR) = U.S. $1. Unemployment rate (2006 est.): 14.4%. Current account balance (2009): -$400 million. Percentages of GDP (2009 est.): Tourism--27%; transport and communications--20%; government--18%; manufacturing--7%; real estate--7%; fishing--3%; construction--6%; agriculture--2%; other--10%. Trade (2009 est.): Exports--$76 million: fish products. Major markets--Thailand, Sri Lanka, U.K., France. Imports--$967 million: foodstuffs, petroleum products, transport equipment, construction equipment. Major suppliers--Singapore, U.A.E., India, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Thailand.

Geography of Maldives Area: 298 sq. km. (115 sq. mi.), over 1,100 islands; twice the size of Washington, DC. Cities: Capital--Male' (pop. 100,000). Terrain: Flat atoll islands. Climate: Hot and humid.

Government of Maldives Type: Republic. Independence: July 26, 1965 (formerly a British protectorate). Constitution: August 7, 2008. Branches: Executive--president, cabinet. Legislative-- unicameral Majlis (parliament). Judicial--Supreme Court, High Court, Civil Court, Criminal Court, Family and Juvenile Court, and 204 general courts. Administrative subdivisions: 19 atolls and capital city. Political parties: Adhaalath Party (AP), Dhivehi Raiyyethunge Party (DRP--Maldivian People’s Party), Islamic Democratic Party (IDP), Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP), Social Liberal Party (SLP), Dhivevi Quamee Party (DQP), People’s Alliance (PA), Republican Party (Jumhooree), others. Suffrage: Universal at age 21.

Map of Maldives This Map of Maldives shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Male the capital of Maldives. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Maldives The Official Name of Maldives is the Republic of Maldives. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Maldives Nationality: Noun and adjective--Maldivian(s). Population (2009 est.): 314,000 (plus 80,000 expatriate workers who are not counted in the census). Population growth rate: 1.66%. Population growth rate has dropped dramatically in recent years. Ethnic groups: Maldivians. Religion: Sunni Islam. Languages: Dhivehi (official); many government officials speak English. Education: Years compulsory--7. Enrollment--primary (grades 1- 7) 100%; secondary (grades 8-10) 70%. Literacy--97%. (Sources: Maldives Department of National Planning and World Bank) Health: Infant mortality rate--24/1,000 (Source: World Bank). Life expectancy--72 years. Resident work force: Community, social and personal services-- 21%; manufacturing--13%; fishing--11%; tourism--11%; transport, storage, and communication--9%; other--35%.

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