Countries of the World:
Resources about Malta including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Malta
GDP (2009 at market prices): $7.932 billion.
Annual growth rate (2009 real terms): 0.4%.
Per capita income (2009): $17,929.
National resources: Limestone, salt, arable land.
GDP composition by sector (value added gross, 2009):
Services (60.69% of GDP). Industry (17.31% of GDP): Types--
food, beverages and tobacco, raw materials, mineral fuels,
lubricants and related materials, animal and vegetable oils
and fats, chemicals, semi-manufactured goods, machinery and
transport, electrical and optical equipment, miscellaneous
manufactured articles, miscellaneous transactions and
commodities. Agriculture and fisheries (1.94% of GDP):
Products--fodder crops, potatoes, onions, Mediterranean
fruits and vegetables. Public administration and defense,
compulsory social security: 7.07% of GDP. Education: 6.07%
of GDP. Health and social work: 6.91% of GDP.
Trade (2009): Exports--$2.26 billion. Types--machinery and
transport equipment, miscellaneous manufactured articles,
chemicals, semi-manufactured goods, food, mineral fuels,
lubricants, and related materials, beverages and tobacco,
raw materials. Major markets--European Union, Eurozone area,
Asia, North and Central America. Imports--$3.84 billion.
Types--Machinery and transport equipment, miscellaneous
manufactured articles, semi-manufactured goods, food,
mineral fuels, lubricants and related materials, chemicals,
beverages and tobacco, raw materials, miscellaneous
transactions and commodities. Major suppliers--European
Union, Eurozone area, Asia, North and Central America.
Trade balance (2009): -$1.58 billion.
Budget (2011 estimates): Revenues $3.88 billion; recurrent
expenditures $3.53 billion; capital expenditures $611.1
Average exchange rate (2009): $1=Euro 0.7200 (rate
Geography of Malta
Area: 316 sq. km. (122 sq. mi.); about twice the size of the
District of Columbia.
Major cities: Valletta (capital), Sliema, Birkirkara.
Terrain: Low hills.
Climate: Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool, wet
Government of Malta
Independence: September 21, 1964.
Constitution: 1964 (Independence); revised 1974 (Republic);
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), prime
minister (head of government), cabinet. Legislative--
unicameral House of Representatives. Judicial--Constitutional
Administrative subdivisions: 13 electoral districts.
Political parties: Nationalist Party, Labor Party, Alternative
Demokratika (Green Party).
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Malta
This Map of Malta shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Valletta the capital of Malta.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Malta
The Official Name of Malta is the Republic of Malta. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Malta
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Maltese.
Population (2009): 412,970.
Ethnic groups: Over 96% of Maltese citizens are ethnic
Religion (2008): Roman Catholic 98%.
Languages: Maltese, English.
Education (2006): Years compulsory--until age 16. Attendance--
Health (2009): Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births)--
5.3%. Life expectancy at birth (2009 est.)--males 77.7,
Labor force (2009): 161,850. Agriculture, hunting, and
forestry 1.3%; manufacturing 15.1%; electricity, gas, and
water supply 2.2; construction 7.2%; wholesale and retail
trade, repairs 15.5%; hotels and restaurants 8.2%; transport,
storage, and communication 8.4%; financial intermediation
3.7%; real estate, renting, and business activities 7.5%;
public administration and defense, compulsory social security
9.0%; education 8.4%; health and social work 7.7%; other
community, social, and personal service activities 4.8%.
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