Countries of the World:
Resources about Mauritius including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Mauritius
GDP (2009 est., official exchange rate): $9.156 billion.
Real growth rate (2009 est.): 2.1%.
Per capita income (2009 est., purchasing power parity):
Avg. inflation rate (2009 est.): 3.4%.
Natural resources: None.
Agriculture (4.5% of GDP): Products--sugar, sugar
derivatives, tea, tobacco, vegetables, fruits, flowers,
cattle and fishing.
Manufacturing, including export processing zone (19.4% of
GDP): Types--labor-intensive goods for export, including
textiles and clothing, watches and clocks, jewelry, optical
goods, toys and games, and cut flowers.
Tourism sector (8.7% of GDP): Main countries of origin--
France, including nearby French island Reunion, South
Africa, and west European countries.
Financial services: 10.9% of GDP.
Trade: Exports (2009 est.)--$2.055 billion f.o.b.: textiles
and clothing, sugar, canned tuna, molasses, watches and
clocks, jewelry, optical goods, travel goods and handbags,
toys and games, and flowers. Major markets--Europe and the
U.S. Imports (2009 est.)--$3.552 billion f.o.b.:
manufactured goods, capital equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum
products, chemicals, meat, dairy products, fish, wheat,
rice, wheat flour, vegetable oil, iron and steel, cement,
fertilizers, and textile industry raw materials. Major
suppliers--India, France, South Africa, China, Japan, Spain,
Italy, Germany, Malaysia, and Thailand.
Fiscal year: July 1-June 30.
Geography of Mauritius
Area: 2,040 sq. km. (787 sq. mi.); 500 miles east of
Madagascar, in the Indian Ocean.
Dependencies: Rodrigues Island, the Agalega Islands and
Cargados Carajos Shoals; Mauritius also claims sovereignty
over the Chagos Archipelago, part of the British Indian Ocean
Territory, where U.S. Naval Support Facility at Diego Garcia
Cities: Capital--Port Louis (pop. 146,319). Other cities--Beau
Bassin and Rose Hill (105,377), Vacoas-Phoenix (101,789),
Curepipe (82,756), Quatre Bornes (77,145).
Terrain: Volcanic island surrounded by coral reefs. A central
plateau is rimmed by mountains.
Climate: Tropical; cyclone season mid-December-April.
Government of Mauritius
Independence: March 12, 1968 (became a republic in 1992).
Constitution: March 12, 1968.
Branches: Executive--president (head of state), prime minister
(head of government), Council of Ministers. Legislative--
unicameral National Assembly. Judicial--Supreme Court.
Administrative subdivisions: 10.
Major political parties: MSM (Militant Socialist Movement),
MMM (Mauritian Militant Movement) and the Social Alliance
(made up of several parties, including the Mauritius Labor
Suffrage: Universal over 18.
Defense (2006): 0.3% of GDP.
Map of Mauritius
This Map of Mauritius shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Port Louis the capital of
Mauritius. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Mauritius
The Official Name of Mauritius is the Republic of Mauritius.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Mauritius
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Mauritian(s).
Population (July 2009 est.): 1,284,264, including Rodrigues,
Agalega, and St. Brandon. Density--622/sq. km.
Avg. annual population growth (2009): 0.776%.
Ethnic groups: Indo-Mauritians 68%, Creoles 27%, Sino-
Mauritians 3%, Franco-Mauritians 2%.
Religions: Hindu 48%, Roman Catholic 23.6%, Muslim 16.6%,
other Christian 8.6%, other 2.5%.
Languages: Creole (common), French, English (official), Hindi,
Urdu, Hakka, Bhojpuri.
Education: Years compulsory--11 (primary school). Attendance
(primary school)--virtually universal. Literacy--adult
population 84.4%; school population 90%.
Health (2009 est.): Infant mortality rate--12.2/1,000. Life
expectancy--male 70.53 yrs., female 77.65 yrs.
Work force (2008 est., 584,000): Construction and industry--
30%; trade and tourism--22%; agriculture and fishing--9%;
communication--7%; finance--6%; other--25%.
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