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Countries of the World: Mexico
Resources about Mexico including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Mexico GDP (official exchange rate): $1 trillion (2010 est.); $876 billion (2009); $1.088 trillion (2008). GDP (PPP method): $1.459 trillion (2009 est.); $1.550 trillion (2008). Per capita GDP (PPP method): $13,542 (2009 est.); $14,534 (2008). Annual real GDP growth: 4.5% (2010 est.); -6.5% (2009); 1.3% (2008); 3.3% (2007); 5.1% (2006); 3.2% (2005). Inflation rate: 4.6% (2010 est.); 3.57% (2009); 6.5% (2008); 3.8% (2007); 3.4% (2006); 3.3% (2005). Natural resources: Petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber. Agriculture (4% of GDP): Products--corn, wheat, soybeans, rice, beans, cotton, coffee, fruit, tomatoes, beef, poultry, dairy products, wood products. Industry (31% of GDP): Types--food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables. Services (64% of GDP): Types--commerce and tourism, financial services, transportation and communications. Trade (goods): Exports (2009)--$230 billion f.o.b. Imports (2009)--$234 billion f.o.b. Exports to U.S. (2009)--$185 billion (80% of total). Imports from U.S. (2009)--$112 billion (48% of total). Major markets--U.S., EU (5% of total), Canada (3.6% of total).

Geography of Mexico Area: 1,972,550 sq. km. (761,600 sq. mi.); about three times the size of Texas. Cities: Capital--Mexico City (22 million, estimate for metro area). Other major cities--Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Ciudad Juarez, Tijuana, Acapulco, Merida, Leon, Veracruz. Terrain: Coastal lowlands, central high plateaus, and mountains up to 5,400 m. (18,000 ft.). Climate: Tropical to desert.

Government of Mexico Type: Federal republic. Independence: First proclaimed September 16, 1810; republic established 1824. Constitution: February 5, 1917. Branches: Executive--president (chief of state and head of government). Legislative--bicameral. Judicial--Supreme Court, local and federal systems. Administrative subdivisions: 31 states and a federal district. Political parties: Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), National Action Party (PAN), Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD), Green Ecological Party (PVEM), Labor Party (PT), and several small parties. Suffrage: Universal at 18.f

Map of Mexico This Map of Mexico shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Mexico City the capital of Mexico. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Mexico The Official Name of Mexico is the United Mexican States. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Mexico Nationality: Noun and adjective--Mexican(s). Population (July 2010 est.): 112,468,855. Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 1.118%. Ethnic groups: Indian-Spanish (mestizo) 60%, Indian 30%, Caucasian 9%, other 1%. Religions (2000 census): Roman Catholic 76.5%, Protestant 6.3%, other 0.3%, unspecified 13.8%, none 3.1%. Language: Spanish. Education: Years compulsory--11 (note: preschool education was made mandatory in Dec. 2001). Literacy--91.4%. Health (2010): Infant mortality rate--17.84/1,000. Life expectancy--male 73.5 years; female 79.22 years. Work force (2009 est., 44.5 million): Agriculture--13.7%, industry--23.4%, services--62.2%.

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