Countries of the World:
Resources about Moldova including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political
conditions, and economy.
Economy of Moldova
GDP (2009): $5.403 billion.
GDP growth rate (2009): -6.5%
Per capita GDP (2009 estimate): $1,516.
Natural resources: Lignite, phosphates, gypsum, arable land,
Agriculture: Products--vegetables, fruits, wine and spirits,
grain, sugar beets, sunflower seeds, meat, milk, eggs,
Industry: Types--processed foods and beverages, including
wine and refined sugar; processed fruit and vegetable
products, including vegetable oil; dairy and meat products;
tobacco items; metal processing and production of machinery;
textiles and clothing, shoes; furniture.
Trade (2009): Exports--$1.298 billion (of which 52% went to
EU countries and 38% to the countries of the former Soviet
Union): textiles, clothing, foodstuffs, wine, and machinery.
Major markets--Russia, Romania, Italy, Ukraine, Belarus, and
Germany. Imports--$3.278 billion (of which 43% came from the
EU and 35% from the former Soviet Union): gas, oil, coal,
steel, machinery and equipment, chemical products, textiles,
foodstuffs, automobiles, and other consumer durables. Major
suppliers--Ukraine, Russia, Romania, Germany, China, and
Currency: Moldovan Leu (plural Lei).
Exchange rate: Leu/US$ 2009 average: 11.11; 2008 average:
10.39; 2007 average: 12.13.
Geography of Moldova
Area: 33,843 sq. km. (13,000 sq. mi.); slightly larger than
Terrain: Rolling steppe, gradual slope south toward the Black
Climate: Moderate winters, warm summers.
Time Zone: GMT+2
Government of Moldova
Constitution: Adopted July 28, 1994.
Independence: August 27, 1991 (from Soviet Union).
Branches: Executive--President (head of state), Prime Minister
(head of government), government (cabinet). Legislative--
unicameral Parliament. Judicial--Supreme Court.
Administrative subdivisions: 32 counties (raions), 4
municipalities, and one autonomous territorial unit.
Political parties with seats in Parliament: Party of
Communists, Our Moldova Alliance, Democratic Party, Liberal
Party, Liberal Democratic Party, United Moldova, and European
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Moldova
This Map of Moldova shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Chisinau the capital of
Moldova. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Moldova
The Official Name of Moldova is the Republic of Moldova.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Moldova
Nationality: Noun--Moldovan(s). Adjective--Moldovan.
Population (January 1, 2010): 3.65 million living in-country,
not including the estimated Transnistrian population of
533,000. An estimated 750,000 to 1,000,000 work outside the
Population growth rate (2007): -0.3%.
Ethnic groups (2004 census): Moldovan (83.7%), Ukrainian
(6.6%), Russian (1.7%), Gagauz (4.5%), Bulgarian (1.7%),
Romanian (1.4%), other (0.4%).
Main religions: Christian Orthodox (96%), Baptist (1%),
Adventist, Roman Catholic, Jewish.
Languages: Romanian (officially known as Moldovan), Russian,
Health: Infant mortality rate--11.1/1,000. Life expectancy--
Work force (1.3 million): Agriculture--35%; industry--12%;
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