Countries of the World:
Resources about Monaco including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political
conditions, and economy.
Capital of Monaco
This Map of Monaco shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Monaco City the capital of
Monaco. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Economy of Monaco
GDP (2008): 4.492 billion euros (U.S. $6.086 billion).
Avg. annual growth rate (2008 est.): 0.41%.
GDP per capita: 60,595 euros (U.S. $82,107).
Work force (2008; 48,491): Private sector--44,736; public
sector--3,959. Banking--2,793; hotels--7,352; retail--568;
construction and public works--5,388; industry--3,351;
Agricultural products: 0.48% of GDP.
Industry: Types--tourism, construction, chemicals, food
products, plastics, precision instruments, cosmetics,
Trade: Imports (2008)--18.6 million euros (U.S. $25.2
million). Exports (2008)--18.3 million euros (U.S. $24.79
million). Note: full customs integration with France, which
collects and rebates Monegasque trade duties; also
participates in EU market system through customs union with
Currency: Monaco, along with France and the other 11 members
of the European Monetary Union (EMU), adopted the euro (€)
as its official currency on January 1, 2002. As in other EMU
states, euros minted in Monaco have special Monegasque
features on one side of the coin. (1, 2, and 5 cent coins:
Grimaldis’ coat of arms; 10, 20, and 50 cent coins: Prince’s
seal; 1 and 2 euro coins: Rainier III or Albert II
Geography of Monaco
Area: 1.95 sq. km. (0.8 sq. mi); about the size of New York
City's Central Park.
City: Capital--Monaco, pop. 32,409 (July 2005 est.).
Climate: Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry
Government of Monaco
Type: Constitutional monarchy.
Constitution: December 17, 1962 (amended in April 2002).
Branches: Executive--Prince Albert II (chief of state),
Minister of State (head of government), Council of Government
(cabinet under authority of the monarch). Legislative--
unicameral National Council (24 members). Judicial--Court of
First Instance, Court of Appeal, High Court of Appeal,
Criminal Court, Supreme Court.
Subdivisions: Four quarters (quartiers)--Monaco-Ville, La
Condamine, Monte-Carlo, Fontvieille.
Political parties: Union pour Monaco (UPM), Rassemblement et
Enjeux (REM), Parti Monegasque (PM).
Suffrage: Universal adult at age 18.
Official Name of Monaco
The Official Name of Monaco is the Principality of Monaco.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Monaco
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Monegasque.
Population (July 2009 est.): 32,965.
Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 0.394%.
Ethnic groups (2009): French 47%, Italian 16%, Monegasque 16%,
Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%.
Languages: French (official), English, Italian, and
Education: Years compulsory--10, ages 6-16. Attendance--99%.
Health (2009 est.): Infant mortality--5 deaths/1,000 live
births. Life expectancy--76.3 yrs. male; 84.09 yrs. female.
Birth rate (2009 est.)--9.1 births/1,000 population. Death
rate (2008 est.)--12.96 deaths/1,000 population.
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