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Countries of the World: Morocco
Resources about Morocco including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Morocco GDP (2008 est.): $88.88 billion. GDP growth rate (2009 est.): 5%. Per capita GDP (PPP, 2008 est.): $4,500. Natural resources: Phosphates, fish, manganese, lead, silver, and copper. Agriculture: Products--barley, citrus fruits, vegetables, olives, wine, livestock, and fishing. Industry: Types--phosphate mining, manufacturing and handicrafts, construction and public works, energy. Sector information as % GDP (2007): Agriculture 12.4%, industry 29%, services 58.5%. Monetary unit: Moroccan dirham. Exchange rate per U.S. dollar - 7.7503 (2008 average). Trade: Exports (2008)--$20.17 billion f.o.b.; Major partners (2008)--Spain 20.1%, France 11.2%, India 6.7%, Brazil 4.8%, Italy 4.7% and the U.S. 3.9%. Imports (2008)--$39.35 billion c.a.f. Major partners (2008)--France 15%, Spain 11.2%, Italy 6.7%, Saudi Arabia 6.7%, China 5.7%, United States 5.1%, and Russia 5%. Budget (2009): Revenues--$26.16 billion; expenditures-- $27.93 billion. Budget deficit (2009 est.): 2.7 % of GDP. Debt, external (2008): $17.3 billion.

Geography of Morocco Location: North Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, southern border with Western Sahara, eastern border with Algeria. Area: 446,550 sq. km. (172,413 sq. mi.) slightly larger than California. (The disputed territory of Western Sahara comprises another 267,028 sq. km. or 102,703 sq. mi.) Cities: Rabat (capital), Casablanca, Marrakech, Fes, Meknes, Tangier. Terrain: Coastal plains, mountains, desert. Climate: Mediterranean to more extreme in the interior and south. Land use: Arable land, 19%; permanent crops, 2%; other, 79%.

Government of Morocco Type: Constitutional monarchy. Constitution: March 1972, revised 1980, 1992, and 1996 (creating a bicameral legislature). Independence: March 2, 1956. Branches: Executive--king (head of state), prime minister (head of government). Legislative--bicameral Parliament. Judicial--Supreme Court. Major political parties: Party of Authenticity and Modernity (PAM), Istiqlal (Independence) Party (PI), Party of Justice and Development (PJD), Socialist Union of Popular Forces (USFP), National Rally of Independents (RNI), Popular Movement (MP), Constitutional Union Party (UC), Party of Progress and Socialism (PPS). Suffrage: Universal starting at 18 years of age.

Map of Morocco This Map of Morocco shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Rabat the capital of Morocco. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Morocco The Official Name of Morocco is the Kingdom of Morocco. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Morocco Nationality: Noun and adjective--Moroccan(s). Population (July 2009 est.): 34,859,364. (The population of disputed territory Western Sahara is 385,000.) Annual growth rate (2009 est.): 1.479%. Birth rate (2009 est.)--20.96 births/1,000 population. Death rate (2009 est.)-- 5.45 deaths/1,000 population. Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber 99.1%, other 0.7%, Jewish 0.2%. Religions: Muslim 98.7%, Christian 1.1%, Jewish 0.2%. Languages: Arabic (official), several Berber dialects; French functions as the language of business, government, and diplomacy. Education: Years compulsory--9. Literacy (definition--age 15 and over can read and write)--total population 52.3%; male 65.7%; female 39.6% (2004 census). Health: Infant mortality rate (2009 est.)--36.88/1,000. Life expectancy at birth (2009 est.)--71.8 yrs. total population; 69.42 yrs. male; 74.3 yrs. female. Work force (2008 est.): 11.29 million. Unemployment rate (2008 est.): 9.6%.

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