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Countries of the World: Mozambique
Resources about Mozambique including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Mozambique GDP: $17.64 billion. Annual economic (GDP) growth rate (2009): 4.5%. Per capita gross domestic product (2009): $465. Natural resources: Hydroelectric power, coal, natural gas, titanium ore, tantalite, graphite, iron ore, semi-precious stones, and arable land. Agriculture (21% of GDP; annual growth 7.9%): Exports-- cotton, cashew nuts, sugarcane, tea, cassava (tapioca), corn, coconuts, sisal, citrus and tropical fruits, potatoes, sunflowers, beef and poultry. Domestically consumed food crops--corn, pigeon peas, cassava, rice, beef, pork, chicken, and goat. Industry (31% of GDP; annual growth 10%): Types--food, beverages, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), aluminum, petroleum products, textiles, cement, glass, asbestos, and tobacco. Services (39.7% of GDP; annual growth 4.7%). Trade: Imports (2008)--$3.29 billion. Import commodities-- machinery and equipment, vehicles, fuel, chemicals, metal products, foodstuffs and textiles. Main suppliers--South Africa, Netherlands, Portugal. Exports (2008)--$2.7 billion. Export commodities--aluminum, cashews, prawns, cotton, sugar, citrus, timber, bulk electricity, natural gas. Main markets--Belgium, South Africa, Zimbabwe.

Geography of Mozambique Area: 308,642 sq. miles; slightly less than twice the size of California. Major cities: Capital--Maputo (pop. 1.094 million--2007 est.); Beira, Matola, Nampula, Quelimane, Tete, Nacala. Terrain: Varies from lowlands to high plateau. Climate: Tropical to subtropical.

Government of Mozambique Type: Multi-party democracy. Independence: June 25, 1975. Constitution: November 1990. Branches: Executive--President, Council of Ministers. Legislative--National Assembly, municipal assemblies. Judicial--Supreme Court, provincial, district, and municipal courts. Administrative subdivisions: 10 provinces, 224 districts, and 33 municipalities, of which Maputo City is the largest. Political parties: Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO); Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO); Democratic Movement of Mozambique (MDM); numerous small parties. Suffrage: Universal adult, 18 years and older.

Map of Mozambique This Map of Mozambique shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Maputo the capital of Mozambique. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Mozambique The Official Name of Mozambique is the Republic of Mozambique. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Mozambique Nationality: Noun and adjective--Mozambican(s). Population (2009 est.): 20.226 million; 48.2% male and 51.8% female. Annual population growth rate (2009): 1.9%. Ethnic groups: Makhuwa, Tsonga, Makonde, Shangaan, Shona, Sena, Ndau, and other indigenous groups, and approximately 10,000 Europeans, 35,000 Euro-Africans, and 15,000 South Asians. Religions: Christian 40%, Muslim 20%, indigenous African and other beliefs 40% (1997 census--recent estimates give a higher Muslim percentage). Languages: Portuguese (official), various indigenous languages. Education: Mean years of schooling (adults over 25): men 2.1, women 1.2. Primary net enrollment rate (2005)--78%. Adult illiteracy rate (2008)--52.2%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2007)--115/1,000. Life expectancy (2007)--42.07 years. Work force (9.4 million est. 2006): Agriculture--81%; industry--6%; services--13% (1997 estimate).

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