Countries of the World:
Resources about Mozambique including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government,
political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Mozambique
GDP: $17.64 billion.
Annual economic (GDP) growth rate (2009): 4.5%.
Per capita gross domestic product (2009): $465.
Natural resources: Hydroelectric power, coal, natural gas,
titanium ore, tantalite, graphite, iron ore, semi-precious
stones, and arable land.
Agriculture (21% of GDP; annual growth 7.9%): Exports--
cotton, cashew nuts, sugarcane, tea, cassava (tapioca),
corn, coconuts, sisal, citrus and tropical fruits, potatoes,
sunflowers, beef and poultry. Domestically consumed food
crops--corn, pigeon peas, cassava, rice, beef, pork,
chicken, and goat.
Industry (31% of GDP; annual growth 10%): Types--food,
beverages, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), aluminum,
petroleum products, textiles, cement, glass, asbestos, and
Services (39.7% of GDP; annual growth 4.7%).
Trade: Imports (2008)--$3.29 billion. Import commodities--
machinery and equipment, vehicles, fuel, chemicals, metal
products, foodstuffs and textiles. Main suppliers--South
Africa, Netherlands, Portugal. Exports (2008)--$2.7 billion.
Export commodities--aluminum, cashews, prawns, cotton,
sugar, citrus, timber, bulk electricity, natural gas. Main
markets--Belgium, South Africa, Zimbabwe.
Geography of Mozambique
Area: 308,642 sq. miles; slightly less than twice the size of
Major cities: Capital--Maputo (pop. 1.094 million--2007 est.);
Beira, Matola, Nampula, Quelimane, Tete, Nacala.
Terrain: Varies from lowlands to high plateau.
Climate: Tropical to subtropical.
Government of Mozambique
Type: Multi-party democracy.
Independence: June 25, 1975.
Constitution: November 1990.
Branches: Executive--President, Council of Ministers.
Legislative--National Assembly, municipal assemblies.
Judicial--Supreme Court, provincial, district, and municipal
courts. Administrative subdivisions: 10 provinces, 224
districts, and 33 municipalities, of which Maputo City is the
Political parties: Front for the Liberation of Mozambique
(FRELIMO); Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO); Democratic
Movement of Mozambique (MDM); numerous small parties.
Suffrage: Universal adult, 18 years and older.
Map of Mozambique
This Map of Mozambique shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Maputo the capital of
Mozambique. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Mozambique
The Official Name of Mozambique is the Republic of Mozambique.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Mozambique
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Mozambican(s).
Population (2009 est.): 20.226 million; 48.2% male and 51.8%
Annual population growth rate (2009): 1.9%.
Ethnic groups: Makhuwa, Tsonga, Makonde, Shangaan, Shona,
Sena, Ndau, and other indigenous groups, and approximately
10,000 Europeans, 35,000 Euro-Africans, and 15,000 South
Religions: Christian 40%, Muslim 20%, indigenous African and
other beliefs 40% (1997 census--recent estimates give a higher
Languages: Portuguese (official), various indigenous
Education: Mean years of schooling (adults over 25): men 2.1,
women 1.2. Primary net enrollment rate (2005)--78%. Adult
illiteracy rate (2008)--52.2%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2007)--115/1,000. Life
expectancy (2007)--42.07 years.
Work force (9.4 million est. 2006): Agriculture--81%;
industry--6%; services--13% (1997 estimate).
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