Countries of the World:
Resources about Namibia including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Namibia
GDP (2009): $9.4 billion. (World Bank)
Annual growth rate (2009): 1%. (World Bank)
Per capita GNI (2009): $ 4,338. (World Bank)
Inflation rate (2009 prelim.): 8.7%. (Namibia Central Bureau
Natural resources: Diamonds, uranium, zinc, gold, copper,
lead, tin, fluorspar, salt, fisheries, and wildlife.
Agriculture (5.0% of GDP, 2009 prelim.): Products--livestock
and meat products, crop farming and forestry. (Namibia
Central Bureau of Statistics)
Mining (10.4% of GDP, 2009 prelim.): Gem-quality diamonds,
uranium, zinc, copper, other. (Namibia Central Bureau of
Fishing and fish processing on board (3.5% of GDP, 2009
prelim.): Hake, horse mackerel, lobster, other. (Namibia
Central Bureau of Statistics)
Trade: Exports (2009)--$ 3 55 billion: diamonds, uranium,
zinc, copper, lead, beef, cattle, fish, karakul pelts,
grapes. Imports (2009)--$ 5 12 billion: foodstuffs,
construction material, manufactured goods. Major partners--
South Africa, Angola, European Union, U.S., Canada, China,
India (World Trade Organization)
Sources: Namibia Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS); Namibia
Labor Force Survey; Namibia Population and Housing Census;
Bank of Namibia; World Bank; UN Human Development Report.
Geography of Namibia
Area: 823,145 sq. km. (320,827 sq. mi.); the size of Texas and
Cities: Capital--Windhoek (2001 census) pop. 233,529. Other
cities--Grootfontein, Katima Mulilo, Keetmanshoop, Luderitz,
Ondangwa, Oranjemund, Oshakati, Otjiwarongo, Swakopmund,
Tsumeb, Walvis Bay.
Terrain: Varies from coastal desert to semiarid mountains and
Climate: Semidesert and high plateau.
Government of Namibia
Independence: March 21, 1990.
Branches: Executive--president (elected for 5-year term),
prime minister. Legislative--bicameral Parliament: National
Assembly and National Council. Judicial--Supreme Court, the
High Court, and lower courts.
Subdivisions: 13 administrative regions.
Registered political parties: South West Africa People's
Organization (SWAPO), Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA),
United Democratic Front of Namibia (UDF), Congress of
Democrats (COD), Republican Party (RP), National Unity
Democratic Organization (NUDO), Monitor Action Group (MAG),
Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP), South West African
National Union (SWANU), All People’s Party (APP), Democratic
Party of Namibia (DPN), Namibia Democratic Movement for Change
Suffrage: Universal adult.
Map of Namibia
This Map of Namibia shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Windhoek the capital of
Namibia. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Namibia
The Official Name of Namibia is the Republic of Namibia.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Namibia
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Namibian(s).
Population (2008, projected): 2.1 million.
Average annual growth rate (2001 est.): 2.6%. The population
growth rate is depressed by an HIV/AIDS prevalence rate
estimated to be 13.3%.
Ethnic groups: About 50% of the population belong to Ovambo
ethnic group, and 9% to the Kavango ethnic group. Other ethnic
groups are: Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, San
3%, Baster 2%, and Tswana 0.5%.
Religions: Predominantly Christian; also Muslim, Jewish,
Baha’is, and indigenous beliefs.
Languages: English (official); Oshivambo, Afrikaans, German,
Herero, Nama/Damara, other indigenous languages.
Education: Years compulsory--to age 16. Attendance (2001)--
82%. Adult literacy rate (2005)--85%.
Work force (2004): 493,448.
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