Countries of the World:
Resources about Nepal including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government,
political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Nepal
GDP (2007/2008): $12.69 billion.
Annual growth rate of real GDP (FY 2007/2008): 4.7%.
Per capita income (gross national product, FY 2007/2008):
Avg. inflation rate (Consumer Price Index, mid-October 2008
Natural resources: Water, hydropower, limited but fertile
agricultural land, timber.
Agriculture (32.12% of GDP): Products--rice, wheat, maize,
sugarcane, oilseed, jute, millet, potatoes. Cultivated land-
Industry (7.6% of GDP): Types--carpets, pashmina, garments,
cement, cigarettes, bricks, sugar, soap, matches, jute,
manufactured goods, hydroelectric power.
Trade (2007/2008): Exports--$892 million: carpets, pashmina,
garments. Major markets--Germany and the U.S. Imports--$2.79
billion: manufactured goods. Major supplier--India.
Central government budget (FY 2008/2009): $3.14 billion;
military allocation $163.43 million.
Official exchange rate (as of September 19, 2008): NPR 75.00
Fiscal year: July 16-July 15.
Geography of Nepal
Area: 147,181 sq. km. (56,136 sq. mi.), about the size and
shape of Tennessee, bordering China and India.
Cities: Capital--Kathmandu (3 districts) (pop. 2.2 million
est.). Other cities--Biratnagar, Patan, Pokhara, Birgunj,
Terrain: Flat and fertile in the southern Terai region;
terraced cultivation and swiftly flowing mountain rivers in
the central hills; and the high Himalayas in the north. Eight
of the world's ten highest peaks are in Nepal, including Mount
Everest. Kathmandu, the capital, is in a broad valley at 1,310
meters (4,300 ft.) elevation.
Climate: Ranging from subtropical in the south to temperate in
the hills to arctic at high altitudes. The monsoon season is
from June to September, during which showers occur almost
every day, bringing 75 to 150 centimeters (30-60 in.) of rain.
Time zone: Nepal is 10 hours and 45 minutes ahead of Eastern
Standard Time and does not observe daylight saving time.
Government of Nepal
Type: Representative democracy.
Constitution: Interim constitution promulgated on January
15, 2007. Constituent Assembly convened May 2008 to draft a
Branches: Executive--President (head of state), Prime
Minister (head of government). Legislative--The Constituent
Assembly is a unicameral Parliament, consisting of 601
members; 240 members were elected through a direct electoral
process representing single-member constituencies across the
country; 335 members were nominated from party lists through
a proportional representation system; and 26 were nominated
by the cabinet as representatives of ethnic and indigenous
communities. Judicial--Supreme Court, 16 appellate courts,
75 district courts.
Subdivisions: 5 development regions, 14 zones, and 75
districts. 75 district development committees, 58
municipalities, 3,913 village development committees, and
36,023 ward committees.
Political parties: United Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist
(UCPN-M), formerly known as the Communist Party of Nepal-
Maoist (CPN-M), (on the U.S. terrorist exclusion list);
Nepali Congress (NC); Communist Party of Nepal-United
Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML); Madhesi People's Rights Forum
(MPRF); Madhesi People’s Right Forum-Democratic (MPRF-D);
Tarai Madhes Democratic Party (TMDP); Sadhbavana Party (SP);
Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP); and 17 others.
Elections: Constituent Assembly election held on April 10,
Suffrage: Universal over 18.
Defense/police (FY 2007/2008): $314 million.
National Day: Republic Day, Jestha 15 (May 28); Democracy
Day, Falgun 7 (mid-February). (Note: Jestha and Falgun are
months of the Nepalese calendar.)
Map of Nepal
This Map of Nepal shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Kathmandu the capital of Nepal.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Nepal
The Official Name of Nepal is the Federal Democratic Republic
of Nepal. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Nepal
Nationality: Noun--Nepali (sing.) or Nepalese (plural).
Adjective--Nepalese or Nepali.
Population (2007 estimate): 29 million.
Annual growth rate (2007 estimate): 2.132%.
Population breakdown/distribution: Rural (86%); female
(50%); in the southern Terai region (49%); in the hills
(44%); in the mountains (7%).
Ethnic groups (caste and ethnicity are often used
interchangeably): Brahman, Chetri, Newar, Gurung, Magar,
Tamang, Rai, Limbu, Sherpa, Tharu, and others.
Religions: Hinduism (81%), Buddhism (11%), Islam (4%), and
Languages: Nepali and more than 100 regional and indigenous
Education: Years compulsory--0. Attendance--primary 80.4%,
secondary 20%. Literacy--49% (63% male, 35% female).
Health: Infant mortality rate (2007 estimate)--63.7
deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy (2007 estimate)--
61.9 years for males and 65.5 years for females.
Work force: Agriculture--71%; industry--3%; services--11%;
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