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Countries of the World: Nepal
Resources about Nepal including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Nepal GDP (2007/2008): $12.69 billion. Annual growth rate of real GDP (FY 2007/2008): 4.7%. Per capita income (gross national product, FY 2007/2008): $470. Avg. inflation rate (Consumer Price Index, mid-October 2008 est.): 14.1%. Natural resources: Water, hydropower, limited but fertile agricultural land, timber. Agriculture (32.12% of GDP): Products--rice, wheat, maize, sugarcane, oilseed, jute, millet, potatoes. Cultivated land- -25%. Industry (7.6% of GDP): Types--carpets, pashmina, garments, cement, cigarettes, bricks, sugar, soap, matches, jute, manufactured goods, hydroelectric power. Trade (2007/2008): Exports--$892 million: carpets, pashmina, garments. Major markets--Germany and the U.S. Imports--$2.79 billion: manufactured goods. Major supplier--India. Central government budget (FY 2008/2009): $3.14 billion; military allocation $163.43 million. Official exchange rate (as of September 19, 2008): NPR 75.00 = US$1.00. Fiscal year: July 16-July 15.

Geography of Nepal Area: 147,181 sq. km. (56,136 sq. mi.), about the size and shape of Tennessee, bordering China and India. Cities: Capital--Kathmandu (3 districts) (pop. 2.2 million est.). Other cities--Biratnagar, Patan, Pokhara, Birgunj, Dharan, Nepalgunj. Terrain: Flat and fertile in the southern Terai region; terraced cultivation and swiftly flowing mountain rivers in the central hills; and the high Himalayas in the north. Eight of the world's ten highest peaks are in Nepal, including Mount Everest. Kathmandu, the capital, is in a broad valley at 1,310 meters (4,300 ft.) elevation. Climate: Ranging from subtropical in the south to temperate in the hills to arctic at high altitudes. The monsoon season is from June to September, during which showers occur almost every day, bringing 75 to 150 centimeters (30-60 in.) of rain. Time zone: Nepal is 10 hours and 45 minutes ahead of Eastern Standard Time and does not observe daylight saving time.

Government of Nepal Type: Representative democracy. Constitution: Interim constitution promulgated on January 15, 2007. Constituent Assembly convened May 2008 to draft a new constitution. Branches: Executive--President (head of state), Prime Minister (head of government). Legislative--The Constituent Assembly is a unicameral Parliament, consisting of 601 members; 240 members were elected through a direct electoral process representing single-member constituencies across the country; 335 members were nominated from party lists through a proportional representation system; and 26 were nominated by the cabinet as representatives of ethnic and indigenous communities. Judicial--Supreme Court, 16 appellate courts, 75 district courts. Subdivisions: 5 development regions, 14 zones, and 75 districts. 75 district development committees, 58 municipalities, 3,913 village development committees, and 36,023 ward committees. Political parties: United Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (UCPN-M), formerly known as the Communist Party of Nepal- Maoist (CPN-M), (on the U.S. terrorist exclusion list); Nepali Congress (NC); Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML); Madhesi People's Rights Forum (MPRF); Madhesi People’s Right Forum-Democratic (MPRF-D); Tarai Madhes Democratic Party (TMDP); Sadhbavana Party (SP); Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP); and 17 others. Elections: Constituent Assembly election held on April 10, 2008. Suffrage: Universal over 18. Defense/police (FY 2007/2008): $314 million. National Day: Republic Day, Jestha 15 (May 28); Democracy Day, Falgun 7 (mid-February). (Note: Jestha and Falgun are months of the Nepalese calendar.)

Map of Nepal This Map of Nepal shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Kathmandu the capital of Nepal. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Nepal The Official Name of Nepal is the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Nepal Nationality: Noun--Nepali (sing.) or Nepalese (plural). Adjective--Nepalese or Nepali. Population (2007 estimate): 29 million. Annual growth rate (2007 estimate): 2.132%. Population breakdown/distribution: Rural (86%); female (50%); in the southern Terai region (49%); in the hills (44%); in the mountains (7%). Ethnic groups (caste and ethnicity are often used interchangeably): Brahman, Chetri, Newar, Gurung, Magar, Tamang, Rai, Limbu, Sherpa, Tharu, and others. Religions: Hinduism (81%), Buddhism (11%), Islam (4%), and others (4%). Languages: Nepali and more than 100 regional and indigenous languages. Education: Years compulsory--0. Attendance--primary 80.4%, secondary 20%. Literacy--49% (63% male, 35% female). Health: Infant mortality rate (2007 estimate)--63.7 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy (2007 estimate)-- 61.9 years for males and 65.5 years for females. Work force: Agriculture--71%; industry--3%; services--11%; other--1%.

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