Countries of the World:
Resources about Netherlands including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government,
political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Netherlands
GDP (2009): $715 billion.
GDP growth (2010 est.): 1.75%.
GDP per capita (2009): $35,500.
Natural resources: Natural gas, petroleum, fertile soil.
Agriculture (1.8% of GDP): Products--dairy, poultry, meat,
livestock, flower bulbs, cut flowers, vegetables and fruits,
sugar beets, potatoes, wheat, barley.
Industry (25.4% of GDP): Types--agro-industries, steel and
aluminum, metal and engineering products, electric machinery
and equipment, bulk chemicals, natural gas, petroleum
products, construction, transport equipment,
Services (72.8% of GDP): Types--trade, hotels, restaurants,
transport, storage and communication, financial (banking and
insurance) and business services, care, and other.
Trade (2009): Exports--$387.8 billion f.o.b.: machinery and
transport equipment, chemicals, mineral fuels, processed
food and tobacco, agricultural products. Imports--$345.6
billion f.o.b.: mineral fuels and crude petroleum,
machinery, transportation equipment, chemicals, mineral
fuels and crude petroleum, consumer goods, foodstuffs. Major
trading partners (exports/imports)--EU (74.5%/55.6%),
Germany (24.1%/19.6%), Belgium (11%/10%), China (1.5%/7.9%),
United Kingdom (8.4%/6.1%), and U.S. (4.5%/8.4%), France
*Figures are based on a July 2010 exchange rate of 0.80 euro
to the dollar.
Geography of Netherlands
Area: 41,526 sq. km. (16,485 sq. mi.); about half the size of
Cities: Capital--Amsterdam (pop. 767,457). Other cities--The
Hague, seat of government (488,553); Rotterdam (593,049);
Terrain: Coastal lowland.
Climate: Northern maritime, with cool summers and mild
Government of Netherlands
Type: Parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch.
Constitution: 1814 and 1848.
Branches: Executive--monarch (chief of state), prime minister
(head of government), cabinet. Legislative--bicameral
parliament (First and Second Chambers). Judicial--Supreme
Subdivisions: 12 provinces.
Political parties: Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA), Labor
Party (PvdA), Freedom Party (PVV), Socialist Party (SP),
Liberal Party (VVD), other minor parties.
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Netherlands
This Map of Netherlands shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Amsterdam the capital of
Netherlands. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Netherlands
The Official Name of Netherlands is the Kingdom of the
Netherlands. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Netherlands
Population: 16.6 million.
Nationality: Noun--Dutchmen and Dutchwomen. Adjective--Dutch.
Ethnic groups: Predominantly Dutch; large minority communities
are Moroccans, Turks, Surinamese, and Dutch Caribbean.
Religions: Largest groups are Roman Catholic, Protestant, and
Education: Years compulsory--13. Attendance--nearly 100%.
Health: Infant mortality rate--3.8/1000. Life expectancy--
Civilian employment (second quarter 2010, 7.807 million):
industry--11.2%; manufacturing--16.9%; services--80.1%;
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