Countries of the World:
Resources about New Zealand including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political
conditions, and economy.
Economy of New Zealand
GDP (as of statistical year ended March 2009): U.S. $131
billion (NZ $185 billion).
Real annual GDP growth rate: (as of the statistical year
ending March 2009): -0.7%.
Per capita income (March 2008): U.S. $29,866.
Exchange rate (average for January to December 2009): U.S.
$1 = NZ $1.456 (U.S. $0.71 = NZ $1).
Natural resources: Timber, natural gas, iron sand, coal.
Agriculture (4.9% of GDP): Products--dairy products, meat,
Industry (goods-producing industries 20.5% of GDP, service
industries 68.8% of GDP): Types--finance, insurance, and
business services; manufacturing; personal and community
services; transport and communication; wholesale trade;
construction; government administration and defense;
fishing, forestry, and mining; electricity, gas, and water.
Trade (year end 2009): Exports to U.S.--U.S. $2.43 billion:
meat, dairy, wine, wood and medical devices. Imports from
U.S.--U.S. $2.76 billion: consisting primarily of machinery
(including information and communication technologies
equipment), aircraft, medical and veterinary instruments,
motor vehicles (trucks), and plastic resins. Major trading
partners (rank ordered as of March 2010)--Australia,
People's Republic of China, United States, Japan, United
Kingdom, and the Republic of Korea.
Geography of New Zealand
Area: 270,500 sq. km.; about the size of Colorado.
Cities (June 2009): Capital--Wellington (386,000). Other
cities--Auckland (1,333,300), Christchurch (386,100), Hamilton
Terrain: Highly varied, from snowcapped mountains to lowland
Climate: Temperate to subtropical.
Government of New Zealand
Constitution: No formal, written constitution.
Independence: Declared a dominion in 1907.
Branches: Executive--Queen Elizabeth II (head of state,
represented by a governor general), prime minister (head of
government), cabinet. Legislative--unicameral House of
Representatives, commonly called parliament. Judicial--four-
level system: District Courts, High Courts, the Court of
Appeal, and the Supreme Court, which in 2004 replaced the
Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in London as New
Zealand's highest court of appeal. There also are
specialized courts, such as employment court, family courts,
youth courts, and the Maori Land Court.
Administrative subdivisions: 12 regions with directly
elected councils and 74 districts (15 of which are
designated as cities) with elected councils. There also are
a number of community boards and special-purpose bodies with
partially elected, partially appointed memberships.
Political parties: National, Labour, ACT, United Future,
Maori Party, Progressive Party, Green Party of Aotearoa New
Zealand, and several smaller parties not represented in
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of New Zealand
This Map of New Zealand shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Wellington the capital of
New Zealand. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of New Zealand
The Official Name of New Zealand is New Zealand. (Facts from
the U.S. State Department)
People of New Zealand
Nationality: Noun--New Zealander(s). Adjective--New Zealand.
Population: 4.36 million.
Annual population growth rate (during year ending June 2010):
Ethnic groups: European 76.8%; Maori 14.9%; Asian 9.7%; other
Polynesian Pacific peoples 7.2%; Middle Eastern, Latin
American, and African 0.9%. (Note: People can choose to
identify with more than one ethnic group.)
Religions: Christian 55.6%, no religion 34.7%, Hindu 1.5%,
Buddhist 1.3%, Islam/Muslim 0.8%, Jewish 0.2%,
Spiritualism/New Age 0.5%, other 0.6%.
Languages: English, Maori, New Zealand Sign Language.
Education: Years compulsory--ages 6-16. Attendance--100%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (December 2006)--5.1/1,000. Life
expectancy (December 2006)--males 78.4 yrs., females 82.4 yrs.
Work force: As of March 2010, total labor force was 2.23
million and labor force participation rate was 68.1%. Services
and government--59%; manufacturing and construction--32%;
agriculture, forestry, fisheries, and mining--8.9%.
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