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Countries of the World: North Korea
Resources about North Korea including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of North Korea GDP (2008 estimate): $24.8 billion; 46.2% in industry, 32.2% in services, 21.6% in agriculture and fisheries. Per capita GDP (2008): $1,800. Agriculture: Products--rice, corn, potatoes, soybeans, cattle, pigs, pork, and eggs. Mining and manufacturing: Types--military products; machine building; chemicals; mining (gold, coal, iron ore, limestone, magnesite, etc.); metallurgy; textiles; food processing. Trade (2008): Exports--$ 2.06 billion (South Korean Trade and Investment Promotion Agency): minerals, non-ferrous metals, garments, chemicals/plastics, machinery/electric and electronic products, animal products, wood products, vegetable products, and precious metals. The D.P.R.K. is also thought to earn hundreds of millions of dollars from the unreported sale of missiles, narcotics, and counterfeit cigarettes and currency, and other illicit activities. Imports--$3.58 billion: minerals, petroleum, machinery/electronics, vegetable products, textiles, chemicals, non-ferrous metals, plastics, vehicles, and animal products. Major trading partners (2008): (1) China, (2) R.O.K., (3) Singapore, (4) India, and (5) Russia. *In most cases, the figures used above are estimates based upon incomplete data and projections.

Geography of North Korea Area: 122,762 sq. km. (47,918 sq. mi.), about the size of Mississippi. Cities: Capital--Pyongyang. Other cities--Hamhung, Chongjin, Wonsan, Nampo, Sinjuiju, and Kaesong. Terrain: About 80% of land area is moderately high mountains separated by deep, narrow valleys and small, cultivated plains. The remainder is lowland plains covering small, scattered areas. Climate: Long, cold, dry winters; short, hot, humid, summers.

Government of North Korea Type: Highly centralized communist state. Independence: August 15, 1945--Korean liberation from Japan; September 9, 1948--establishment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (D.P.R.K., or North Korea), marking its separation from the Republic of Korea (R.O.K., or South Korea). Constitution: 1948; revised in 1972, 1992, 1998, and 2009. Branches: Executive--President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly (chief of state); Chairman of the National Defense Commission (head of government). Legislative--Supreme People's Assembly. Judicial--Central Court; provincial, city, county, and military courts. Subdivisions: Nine provinces; two province-level municipalities (Pyongyang, Nasun, also known as Najin-Sonbong free trade zone); one special city (Nampo), 24 cities. Political party: Korean Workers' Party (Communist). Suffrage: Universal at 17.

Map of North Korea This Map of North Korea shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Pyongyang the capital of North Korea. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of North Korea The Official Name of North Korea is the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of North Korea Nationality: Noun and adjective--Korean(s). Population (2008 estimate): 24.05 million (UN Population Fund- -UNFPA). Annual population growth rate: About +0.42%. Ethnic groups: Korean; small ethnic Chinese and Japanese populations. Religions: Buddhism, Confucianism, Shamanism, Chongdogyo, Christian; autonomous religious activities have been virtually nonexistent since 1945. Language: Korean. Education: Years compulsory--11. Attendance--3 million (primary, 1.5 million; secondary, 1.2 million; tertiary, 0.3 million). Literacy--99%. Health (1998): Medical treatment is free; one doctor for every 700 inhabitants; one hospital bed for every 350; there are severe shortages of medicines and medical equipment. Infant mortality rate--51.34/1,000 (2009 est.). Life expectancy-- males 61.23 yrs., females 66.53 yrs. (2009 est.).

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