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Resources about Norway including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions,
Economy of Norway
GDP (2010): $433 billion.
Annual growth rate (2008): 2.1%.
Per capita GDP (2009, purchasing power parity): $52,561.
Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper,
lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber,
Arable land: 2.7%.
Agriculture: Products--dairy, livestock, grain (barley,
oats, wheat), potatoes and other vegetables, fruits and
berries, furs, wool, pork, beef, veal, fish.
Industry: Types--petroleum and gas, food processing,
shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, aluminum,
ferroalloys, iron and steel, nickel, zinc, nitrogen,
fertilizers, petrochemicals, hydroelectric power, refinery
products, timber, mining, textiles, fishing, transport
Trade (2009): Exports (f.o.b.)--$177 billion. Major markets-
-U.K. 23%, Germany 12.5%, Netherlands 11%, France 8%, Sweden
6%, U.S. 5%. Imports (f.o.b.)--$115 billion. Major
suppliers--Sweden 14%, Germany 13%, China 8%, Denmark 7%,
U.K. 6%, U.S. 6%.
GDP by activity (2009): Oil and gas--22%; general
government--16%; manufacturing, mining, electricity,
building and construction--15%; value added tax (VAT), etc.-
-11%; commodities, vehicle repairs, etc.--7%; communication
and transport--5%; agriculture, forestry, and fishing--1%;
other services (commercial, housing, financial, private
health/education, hotel and catering, etc.)--23%.
Geography of Norway
Area (including the island territories of Svalbard and Jan
Mayen): 385,199 sq. km. (148,726 sq. miles); approximately the
same size as New Mexico.
Cities (January 2010 est.): Capital--Oslo (pop. 586,860).
Other cities--Bergen (256,580), Trondheim (170,940), Stavanger
Terrain: Rugged with high plateaus, steep fjords, mountains,
and fertile valleys.
Climate: Temperate along the coast, colder inland.
Government of Norway
Type: Hereditary constitutional monarchy.
Constitution: May 17, 1814.
Branches: Executive--king (chief of state), prime minister
(head of government), Council of Ministers (cabinet). The
Council is appointed by the monarch in accordance with the
will of the Storting, to which the Council is responsible.
Legislative--modified unicameral parliament (Storting, 169
members, elected for 4 years by universal adult suffrage).
Judicial--Supreme Court, appellate courts, city and county
Political parties: Labor, Progress, Conservative, Socialist
Left, Christian Democratic, Center, Liberal.
Suffrage: Universal over 18.
Administrative subdivisions: 19 fylker (counties) and 430
municipalities, and Svalbard.
Map of Norway
This Map of Norway shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Oslo the capital of Norway.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Norway
The Official Name of Norway is the Kingdom of Norway. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Norway
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Norwegian(s).
Population (July 2010 est.): 4,888,000.
Annual population growth rate (2009): 1.3%.
Density (2009): 16 per sq. km. (excluding inland water).
Ethnic groups: Norwegian (Nordic, Alpine, Baltic); Sami, a
racial-cultural minority; foreign nationals from Nordic and
Religion (2009): Church of Norway (Lutheran), 80.7%; Roman
Catholic, 1.2%; Pentecostal Christian, 0.8%; other
Christian, 2.9%; Muslim, 1.9%; other, none, or unknown,
Languages: Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian
(official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities,
English is widely spoken (Sami is official in six
Education: Years compulsory--10. Literacy--100%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2009)--3.1 deaths/1,000. Life
expectancy (2009 est.)--men 78.6 yrs; women 83.1 yrs.
Work force (2009) 2.6 million: Legislators, senior
officials, and managers--6%; professionals--13%; technicians
and associate professionals--25.3%; clerks--6.8%; service
workers and market sales workers--23.7%; agricultural,
forestry, and fishery workers--2.4%; craft and related
trades workers--10.7%; plant and machine operators and
assemblers--7.0%; other occupations and unspecified--5.2%.
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