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Countries of the World: Oman
Resources about Oman including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Oman GDP (2008 est.): $59.946 billion. Per capita GDP (2008 est.): $21,646. Real GDP growth rate (2008 est.): 7.8%. Natural resources: Oil, natural gas, copper, marble, limestone, gypsum, chromium. Agriculture and fisheries: (2.1% of GDP). Products--dates, bananas, mangoes, alfalfa, other fruits and vegetables. Fisheries--kingfish, tuna, other fish, shrimp, lobster, abalone. Industry: Types--crude petroleum (not including gas liquids) about 750,000 barrels per day; construction, petroleum refinery, copper mines and smelter, cement and various light industries. Trade (2008 est.): Exports--$37.72 billion. Major markets-- China (29.3%), U.A.E. (10.9%), Japan (10.6%), South Korea (9.6%), Thailand (6.8%). Imports--$22.92 billion: machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods, food, livestock, lubricants. Major suppliers--U.A.E. (27.2%), Japan (15.6%), United States (5.7%), China (4.7%), India (4.5%).

Geography of Oman Area: About 309,500 sq. km. (approximately the size of the State of New Mexico). It is bordered on the north by the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.), on the northwest by Saudi Arabia, and on the southwest by the Republic of Yemen. The Omani coastline stretches 3,165 km. Cities: Capital--Muscat. Other cities--Salalah, Nizwa, Sohar, Sur. Terrain: Mountains, plains, and arid plateau. Climate: Hot and humid along the coast; hot and dry in the interior; summer monsoon in the far south.

Government of Oman Type: Monarchy. Constitution: None. On November 6, 1996, Sultan Qaboos issued a royal decree promulgating the Basic Statute which clarifies the royal succession, provides for a prime minister, bars ministers from holding interests in companies doing business with the government, establishes a bicameral parliament, and guarantees basic rights and responsibilities for Omani citizens. Branches: Executive--Sultan. Legislative--bicameral Majlis Oman (appointed State Council and elected Consultative Council). Judicial--Civil courts are divided into four departments: criminal courts handle cases under the penal code; Shari'a (Islamic law) courts oversee personal status and family law issues; commercial courts adjudicate business and commercial matters; labor courts oversee labor and employment cases. Political parties: None. Suffrage: Universal adult. Administrative subdivisions: Eight administrative regions-- Muscat Governorate, Dhofar Governorate, Musandam Governorate, Al-Buraimi Governorate, Al Batinah, Al Dhahirah, Al Dakhliya, Al Shariqiya, Al Wusta. There are 61 districts (wilayats).

Map of Oman This Map of Oman shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Muscat the capital of Oman. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Oman The Official Name of Oman is the Sultanate of Oman. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Oman Nationality: Noun--Oman. Adjective--Omani(s). Population (2009 est.): 3.37 million (includes 580,000 non- nationals). Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 2.0%. Ethnic groups: Arab, Baluchi, East African (Zanzabari), South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi). Religions: Ibadhi; Sunni Muslim, Shia Muslim, Hindu, Christian. Languages: Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Swahili, Hindi and Indian dialects. Education: Literacy--approx. 81% (total population). Health (2009 est.): Infant mortality rate--17 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy--73.8 years. Work force: 920,000 total; Agriculture and fishing--approx. 50%.

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