Countries of the World:
Resources about Pakistan including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Pakistan
Real GDP growth rate (2009 est.): 2.7%.
Per capita GDP (year ending 2009, purchasing power parity):
Natural resources: Arable land, natural gas, limited oil,
substantial hydropower potential, coal, iron ore, copper,
Agriculture: Products--wheat, cotton, rice, sugarcane, eggs,
fruits, vegetables, milk, beef, mutton.
Industry: Types--textiles & apparel, food processing,
pharmaceuticals, construction materials, shrimp, fertilizer,
and paper products.
Trade (2009 est.): Exports--$17.87 billion: textiles
(garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, and yarn), rice, leather
goods, sports goods, carpets, rugs, chemicals and
manufactures. Major partners (2008)--U.S. 16%, United Arab
Emirates 11.7%, Afghanistan 8.6%, U.K. 4.5%, China 4.2%.
Imports--$28.31 billion: petroleum, petroleum products,
machinery, plastics, paper and paper board, transportation
equipment, edible oils, pulses, iron and steel, tea. Major
partners (2008)--China 14.1%, Saudi Arabia 12%, U.A.E.
11.2%, Kuwait 5.4%, India 4.8%, U.S. 4.7%, Malaysia 4.1%.
Geography of Pakistan
Area: 803,943 sq. km. (310,527 sq. mi.); almost twice the size
Cities: Capital--The city of Islamabad (pop. 800,000) and
adjacent Rawalpindi (1,406, 214) comprise the national capital
area with a combined population of 3.7 million. Other cities--
Karachi (11,624,219) (2005 est.), Lahore (6,310,888) (2005
est.), Faisalabad (1,977,246) and Hyderabad (1,151,274).
Government of Pakistan
Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Independence: August 14, 1947.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), prime
minister (head of government). Legislative--bicameral
Parliament or Majlis-e-Shoora (100-seat Senate, 342-seat
National Assembly). Judicial--Supreme Court, provincial high
courts, Federal Islamic (or Shari'a) Court.
Political parties: Pakistan People's Party (PPP), Pakistan
Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), Awami National Party (ANP),
Pakistan Muslim League (PML), Muttahid Majlis-e-Amal (umbrella
group) (MMA), and Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM).
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Political subdivisions: 4 provinces (Punjab, Sindh,
Balochistan, and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (formerly known as the
North-West Frontier Province or NWFP)); also the Federally
Administered Tribal Areas (composed of 7 tribal agencies--
Bajaur, Mohmand, Khyber, Kurram, Orakzai, North Waziristan,
and South Waziristan) and the Pakistani-administered portion
of the disputed Jammu and Kashmir region (Azad Kashmir and the
Map of Pakistan
This Map of Pakistan shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Islamabad the capital of
Pakistan. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Pakistan
The Official Name of Pakistan is the Islamic Republic of
Pakistan. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Pakistan
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Pakistan(i).
Population (July 2008 est.): 167,762,040.
Annual population growth rate (2008 est.): 1.81%.
Ethnic groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun, Baloch, Muhajir
(i.e., Urdu-speaking immigrants from India and their
descendants), Saraiki, and Hazara.
Religions: Muslim 97%; small minorities of Christians, Hindus,
Languages: Urdu (national and official), English, Punjabi,
Sindhi, Pashto, Baloch, Hindko, Brahui, Saraiki (Punjabi
Education: Literacy (2005 est.)--49.9%; male 63%; female 36%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2008 est.)--66.95/1,000. Life
expectancy (2008 est.)--men 63.07 yrs., women 65.24 yrs.
Work force (2004 est.): Agriculture--42%; services--38%;
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