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Countries of the World: Papua New Guinea
Resources about Papua New Guinea including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Papua New Guinea Nominal GDP (2008): U.S. $6.39 billion; PGK 18.72 billion. Average exchange rate (2008): U.S. $1 = PGK 2.7. Real GDP growth rate (2008): 4.5%. Inflation rate (2009): 7.0%. Per capita GDP (2008): U.S. $1,040. Natural resources: Gold, copper ore, crude oil, natural gas, timber, fish, oil palm, tea, rubber, logs. Forestry (4% of GDP); marine (1% of GDP); minerals and oil (82% of GDP). Agriculture (13% of GDP): Major products--coffee, cocoa, coconuts, palm oil, timber, tea, vanilla. Industry (25% of GDP): Major sectors--copra crushing; palm oil processing; plywood production; wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; construction; tourism; crude oil production, refined petroleum production. Trade: Exports--66% of GDP: gold, copper ore, oil, timber, palm oil, coffee. Major markets (in order by value--high to low)--Australia, Japan, Philippines, Germany, South Korea, China, United States, United Kingdom, Singapore, and Malaysia. Imports--31% of GDP: machinery and transport equipment, vehicles, manufactured goods, food, mineral fuels, chemicals. Major suppliers (in order by value--high to low)--Australia, United States, Singapore, Japan, China, New Zealand, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, and United Kingdom.

Geography of Papua New Guinea Land area: 462,840 sq. km.; about the size of California. Cities: Capital--Port Moresby (254,158). Other cities--Lae (78,038), Mt. Hagen (27,789). Terrain: Mostly mountains with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills. The largest portion of the population lives in fertile highlands valleys that were unknown to the outside world until the 1930s, but that supported agriculture some 10,000 years ago, possibly before agriculture was developed elsewhere. Climate: Tropical. NW monsoon, Dec.-Mar.; SE monsoon, May-Oct.

Government of Papua New Guinea Type: Constitutional parliamentary democracy. Constitution: September 16, 1975. Branches: Executive--Queen Elizabeth II (head of state, represented by a governor general); prime minister (head of government). Legislative--unicameral parliament. Judicial-- independent; highest is Supreme Court. Administrative subdivisions: 19 provinces and the national capital district (Port Moresby). Major political parties: National Alliance (NA), People's Progress Party (PPP), United Resources Party (URP), PNG Party (PNGP). Suffrage: Universal over 18 years of age.

Map of Papua New Guinea This Map of Papua New Guinea shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Port Moresby the capital of Papua New Guinea. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Papua New Guinea The Official Name of Papua New Guinea is the Independent State of Papua New Guinea. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Papua New Guinea Population (2008 est.): 6.5 million. Annual population growth rate (2005-2010): 2.0%. Languages: Three official languages are English, Tok Pisin, and Motu. There are approximately 860 other languages. Education: Years compulsory--0. Literacy--49.3%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2008)--69/1,000. Life expectancy (2008)--62.0 yrs.

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