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Countries of the World: Qatar
Resources about Qatar including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Qatar GDP (2010 est.): $128 billion. Real growth rate (2010 est.): 19%. Per capita income (2007): $67,000. Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, fish. Agriculture: Accounts for less than 2% of GDP. Products-- fruits and vegetables (most food is imported). Industry: Types--oil production and refining and natural gas development (56% of GDP), mining, manufacturing, construction, and power. Trade (2006 est.): Exports--$34 billion, principally oil 47% and gas 36%. Partners (2005)--Japan 36.3%, South Korea 19.1%, Singapore 8.1%, India 5.1%, U.A.E. 2.9%, U.S. 1.2%. Imports-- $6.7 billion, principally consumer goods, machinery, food. Partners (2005)--France 11.8%, Japan 10.7% U.S. 10.6%, Germany 8.5%, Saudi Arabia 7.4%, U.K. 7.1%, Italy 6.6%, South Korea 5.6%, U.A.E. 4.9%.

Geography of Qatar Area: 11,437 sq. km. (4,427 sq. mi.); about the size of Connecticut and Rhode Island combined. Cities: Capital--Doha 431,525 (2005 est.). Other cities-- Messaieed, Al-Khor, Dukhan, Ruwais. Terrain: Mostly desert, flat, barren. Climate: Hot and humid, with a mild winter.

Government of Qatar Type: Constitutional monarchy. Independence: September 3, 1971. Constitution: Approved by popular vote 2003; came into force June 2005. Branches: Executive--Council of Ministers. Legislative-- Advisory Council (currently appointed pending elections; has assumed only limited responsibility to date). Judicial-- independent. Subdivisions: Fully centralized government; seven municipalities. Political parties: None. Suffrage: Universal over age 18, since 1999.

Map of Qatar This Map of Qatar shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Doha the capital of Qatar. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Qatar The Official Name of Qatar is the State of Qatar. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Qatar Nationality: Noun and adjective--Qatari(s). Population (May 2008 est.): 1,448,446; males 1,096,815 (75.7%); females 351,630 (24.3%). Population growth rate (May 2008 est.): 59.6%. Ethnic groups: Qatari (Arab) 20%; other Arab 20%; Indian 20%; Filipino 10%; Nepali 13%; Pakistani 7%; Sri Lankan 5%; other 5%. Religion: Islam (state religion, claimed by virtually all of the indigenous population). Languages: Arabic (official); English (widely spoken). Education: Compulsory--ages 6-16. Attendance--98%. Literacy (2004 est.)--89% total population, 89.1% male, 88.6% female. Health (2007 est.): Infant mortality rate--17.46/1,000 live births. Life expectancy--74.14 years. Work force (2006): 508,000. Private sector--61.2%; mixed sector--28.5%; government--5.6%.

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