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Countries of the World: Romania
Resources about Romania including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Romania GDP (2009): $161.1 billion. Annual GDP growth rate (2009): -7.1%; latest IMF 2010 growth forecast: -1.9%. GDP per capita (2009): $7,493. Natural resources: Oil, timber, natural gas, coal, salt, iron ore. Agriculture (2009): Percent of GDP--6.3%. Products--corn, wheat, potatoes, oilseeds, vegetables, livestock, fish, and forestry. Industry (2009): Percent of GDP--23.7%. Types--machine building, mining, construction materials, metal production and processing, chemicals, food processing, textiles, clothing. Industrial output increased by 0.9% in 2008 and decreased 5.5% in 2009. Services (2009): Percent of GDP--50.1%. Construction (2009): Percent of GDP--9.8%. Trade: Exports--(2009) $40.36 billion; (Jan.-Apr. 2010) $14.8 billion. Types--textiles, chemicals, light manufactures, wood products, fuels, processed metals, machinery and equipment. Exports to the U.S.--(2009) $475.4 million; (Jan.-Apr. 2010) $265.7 million. Major markets-- Italy, Germany, France, Turkey, Hungary. Imports--(2009) $53.89 billion; (Jan.-Apr. 2010) $18.66 billion. Types-- machinery and equipment, textiles, fuel, coking coal, iron ore, machinery and equipment, and mineral products. Imports from the U.S.--(2009) $690.3 million; (Jan.-Apr. 2010) $235.5 million. Major suppliers--Germany, Italy, Hungary, Russia, France. Exchange rate: 3.36 new Lei=U.S. $1 (June 2010).

Geography of Romania Area: 237,499 sq. km. (91,699 sq. mi.); slightly smaller than Wyoming. Cities: Capital--Bucharest (pop. 1.94 million). Other cities-- Iaşi (309,000), Constanţa (302,000), Timişoara (316,000), Cluj-Napoca (306,000), Craiova (299,000), Galaţi (291,000), Braşov (278,000). Terrain: Consists mainly of rolling, fertile plains; hilly in the eastern regions of the middle Danube basin; and major mountain ranges running north and west in the center of the country, which collectively are known as the Carpathians. Climate: Moderate.

Government of Romania Type: Republic. Constitution: December 8, 1991, amended by referendum October 18-19, 2003. Branches: Executive--president (head of state), prime minister (head of government), Council of Ministers. Legislative-- bicameral Parliament. Judicial--Constitutional Court, High Court of Cassation and Justice, and lower courts. Subdivisions: 41 counties plus the city of Bucharest. Political parties represented in the Parliament are: Social Democratic Party (Partidul Social Democrat--PSD); National Liberal Party (Partidul Naţional Liberal--PNL); Democratic Liberal Party (Partidul Democrat Liberal--PDL); Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (Uniunea Democrată Maghiară din Romānia--UDMR); National Union for the Advancement of Romania (Uniunea Naţională pentru Progresul Romāniei--UNPR); Conservative Party (Partidul Conservator--PC). Suffrage: Universal from age 18. Defense: 1.9% of GDP.

Map of Romania This Map of Romania shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Bucharest the capital of Romania. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Romania The Official Name of Romania is Romania. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Romania Nationality: Noun and adjective--Romanian(s). Population (July 2010): 21.49 million. Annual population growth rate: -0.16%. Ethnic groups: Romanians 89%, Hungarians 7.1%, Germans 0.5%, Ukrainians, Serbs, Croats, Russians, Turks, and Roma 2.5%. Religions: Orthodox 86.8%; Roman Catholic 5%; Reformed Protestant, Baptist, and Pentecostal 5%; Greek Catholic (Uniate) 1% to 3%; Muslim 0.2%; Jewish less than 0.1%. Languages: Romanian (official). Other languages--Hungarian, German. Education: Years compulsory--10. Attendance--98%. Literacy-- 98%. Health: Infant mortality rate--22 /1,000 (2010). Life expectancy--men 69.22 yrs., women 76.43 yrs. Work force (2010): 9.3 million. Agriculture--3.0 million, industry and construction--2.8 million, services--3.3 million, other--0.3 million.

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