Countries of the World:
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Resources about Saint Vincent and the Grenadines including maps, facts about the
land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
GDP (purchasing power parity, 2009 est.): $1.55 billion.
GDP real growth rate (2009 est.): -6.5%.
Per capita GDP (2009 est.): $18,100.
Inflation (consumer prices, 2007 est.): 6.1%.
Natural resources: Timber.
Agriculture: Mostly bananas.
Industry: Plastic products, food processing, cement,
furniture, clothing, starch, and detergents.
Trade (2005): Exports--$40 million (merchandise) and $155
million (commercial services). Major markets--European Union
(27.2%), Barbados (12.7%), Trinidad and Tobago (12.3%), Saint
Lucia (10.9%), and the United States (9.2%). Imports--$240
million (merchandise) and $74 million (commercial services).
Major suppliers--United States (33.3%), Trinidad and Tobago
(23.6%), European Union (15.1%), Japan (4.2%), and Barbados
Official exchange rate: EC$2.70 = U.S. $1.
Geography of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Area: 340 sq. km. (130 sq. mi.); slightly less than twice the
size of Washington, DC. The Grenadines include 32 islands, the
largest of which are Bequia, Mustique, Canouan, and Union.
Some of the smaller islands are privately owned.
Terrain: Volcanic and mountainous, with the highest peak,
Soufriere, rising to 1,219 meters (4,000 ft.).
Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Type: Parliamentary democracy; independent sovereign state
within the Commonwealth.
Independence: October 27, 1979.
Constitution: October 27, 1979.
Branches: Executive--governor general (representing Queen
Elizabeth II, head of state), prime minister (head of
government), cabinet. Legislative--unicameral legislature with
15-member elected House of Assembly and six-member appointed
Senate. Judicial--district courts, Eastern Caribbean Supreme
Court (High Court and Court of Appeals), final appeal to the
Privy Council in London.
Subdivisions: Six parishes.
Political parties: Unity Labour Party (ULP, incumbent), New
Democratic Party (NDP).
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
Map of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
This Map of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines shows the borders
of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including
Kingstown the capital of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
The Official Name of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is the
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. (Facts from the U.S. State
People of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Vincentian.
Population (July 2009 est.): 104,574.
Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): -0.344%.
Ethnic groups: African descent (66%), mixed (19%), West Indian
(6%), Carib Indian (2%), other (7%).
Religions: Anglican (47%), Methodist (28%), Roman Catholic
(13%), other Protestant denominations, Seventh-day Adventist,
Language: English (official); some French Patois spoken.
Education (2004): Adult literacy--88.1%.
Health (2006): Infant mortality rate--17/1,000. Life
expectancy--men 69 years; women 74 years.
Workforce (2006): 57,695.
Unemployment (2004): 12%.
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