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Countries of the World: Sao Tome and Principe
Resources about Sao Tome and Principe including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Sao Tome and Principe GDP (2009): $191 million. Annual real GDP growth rate (2009): 4%. Per capita GDP (2009): $1,174. Inflation (2009): 17%. Natural resources: Agricultural products, fish, petroleum (not yet exploited). Services (71% of GDP, 2009): Primarily tourism. Agriculture (14% of GDP, 2009): Products--cocoa, coconuts, copra, palm kernels, cinnamon, pepper, coffee, bananas, beans, poultry. Cultivated land--484 sq. kilometers. Industry (15% of GDP, 2009): Types--light construction, shirts, soap, beer, fisheries, shrimp processing, palm oil. Trade: Exports (2009)--$14 million (f.o.b.): 95% cocoa, copra, palm kernels, coffee. Major markets--Portugal, Netherlands, Spain, Germany, China. Imports (2009)--$93 million (c.i.f.): food, fuel, machinery and electrical equipment. Major suppliers--Portugal (43%), France (16%), U.K. (14%). Total external debt (2009): None. Fiscal year: Calendar year.

Geography of Sao Tome and Principe Location: Western Africa; islands straddling the equator in the Gulf of Guinea west of Gabon. Area: 1,001 sq. km. (386 sq. mi.); about the size of metropolitan Indianapolis, or one-third the size of Rhode Island. Cities: Capital--São Tomé (Aqua Grande district). Other cities--Trindade, Santana, Angolares, Neves, Guadalupe in São Tomé, and Santo Antonio in Príncipe. Terrain: Two small, volcanic islands plus associated smaller islands. Climate: Tropical, with wet and dry seasons, influenced by the mountainous topography.

Government of Sao Tome and Principe Type: Republic. Independence: July 12, 1975 (from Portugal). Constitution: November 5, 1975; revised September 1990, following a national referendum, revised again January 2003. Branches: Executive--president and prime minister. Legislative--National Assembly. Judicial--Supreme Court. Administrative subdivisions: Six districts, five on São Tomé and one on Principe. Political parties: Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe (MLSTP), Party of Democratic Convergence (PCD), Independent Democratic Action (ADI), Democratic Movement Force of Change (MDFM), Christian Democratic Front Party (FDC), Santomean Workers Party (PTS); Popular Party of Progress (PPP), National Union for Democracy and Progress (UNDP), and Democratic Coalition of the Opposition (CODO). Suffrage: Universal adult (18 years old).

Map of Sao Tome and Principe This Map of Sao Tome and Principe shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including São Tomé the capital of Sao Tome and Principe. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Sao Tome and Principe The Official Name of Sao Tome and Principe is the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Sao Tome and Principe Nationality: Noun and adjective--São Toméan(s). Population (2010 est.): 167,000. Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 2.4%. Ethnic groups: Mestiço, Angolares, Forros, Servicais/Tongas, European. Religions: Christian (Roman Catholic, Evangelical Protestant, Seventh-day Adventist) 90%. Language: Portuguese (official). Education: Literacy (2009)--87.9%. Years compulsory--to secondary level. Health: Life expectancy (2009)--66 yrs. Infant mortality rate (2009 est.)--37.12/1,000. Work force (by household, 2000 UN Development Program est.): Agriculture--15.3%; industry, commerce, services--36.5%; government--11.5%.

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