Countries of the World:
Resources about Saudi Arabia including maps, facts about the land, people,
history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Saudi Arabia
GDP (2008 est.): $527 billion.
Annual growth rate (2008 est.): 6.1%.
Per capita GDP (2008): $21,062.
Natural resources: Hydrocarbons, gold, uranium, bauxite, coal,
iron, phosphate, tungsten, zinc, silver, copper.
Agriculture: Products--dates, grains, livestock, vegetables.
Industry: Types--petroleum, petrochemicals, cement,
fertilizer, light industry.
Trade (2008 est.): Exports--$364 billion: petroleum and
petroleum products. Imports--$103 billion: manufactured goods,
transportation equipment, clothing and textiles, processed
food products. Major trading partners--China, France, Germany,
Italy, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, U.K., U.S.
Geography of Saudi Arabia
Area: 1,960,582 million sq. km. (784,233 sq. mi.), slightly
more than one-fifth the size of the continental United States.
Cities (2006 est.): Capital--Riyadh (pop. 4.3 million). Other
cities--Jeddah (3.4 million), Makkah, (1.6 million),
Dammam/Khobar/Dhahran, (1.6 million).
Terrain: Primarily desert with rugged mountains in the
Climate: Arid, with great extremes of temperature in the
interior; humidity and temperature are both high along the
Government of Saudi Arabia
Type: Monarchy with Council of Ministers and Consultative
Unification: September 23, 1932.
Constitution: The Holy Qur'an (governed according to Islamic
Law), Shari'a, and the Basic Law.
Branches: Executive--King (chief of state and head of
government; rules under the title Custodian of the Two Holy
Mosques). Legislative--a Consultative Council with advisory
powers was formed September 1993. Judicial--Supreme Court,
Supreme Judicial Council, Islamic Courts of First Instance and
Administrative divisions: 13 provinces.
Political parties: None.
Map of Saudi Arabia
This Map of Saudi Arabia shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Riyadh the capital of
Saudi Arabia. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Saudi Arabia
The Official Name of Saudi Arabia is the Kingdom of Saudi
Arabia. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Saudi Arabia
Nationality: Noun--Saudi(s). Adjective--Saudi Arabian or
Population (July 2010 est.): 28.7 million (23.1 million
Saudis, 5.6 million foreign nationals).
Annual growth rate: (2010 est.): 1.8%.
Ethnic groups: Arab (90% of native pop.), Afro-Asian (10% of
Language: Arabic (official).
Education: Literacy--total 78.8% (male 84.7%, female 70.8%).
Health: Infant mortality rate (2010 est.)—11.57 deaths/1,000
live births. Life expectancy--male 74 years, female 78 years.
Work force: 6.49 million, about 35% foreign workers (2005
est.); industry--25%; services (including government)--63%;
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