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Countries of the World: Saudi Arabia
Resources about Saudi Arabia including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Saudi Arabia GDP (2008 est.): $527 billion. Annual growth rate (2008 est.): 6.1%. Per capita GDP (2008): $21,062. Natural resources: Hydrocarbons, gold, uranium, bauxite, coal, iron, phosphate, tungsten, zinc, silver, copper. Agriculture: Products--dates, grains, livestock, vegetables. Arable land--1.76%. Industry: Types--petroleum, petrochemicals, cement, fertilizer, light industry. Trade (2008 est.): Exports--$364 billion: petroleum and petroleum products. Imports--$103 billion: manufactured goods, transportation equipment, clothing and textiles, processed food products. Major trading partners--China, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, U.K., U.S. (2006).

Geography of Saudi Arabia Area: 1,960,582 million sq. km. (784,233 sq. mi.), slightly more than one-fifth the size of the continental United States. Cities (2006 est.): Capital--Riyadh (pop. 4.3 million). Other cities--Jeddah (3.4 million), Makkah, (1.6 million), Dammam/Khobar/Dhahran, (1.6 million). Terrain: Primarily desert with rugged mountains in the southwest. Climate: Arid, with great extremes of temperature in the interior; humidity and temperature are both high along the coast.

Government of Saudi Arabia Type: Monarchy with Council of Ministers and Consultative Council. Unification: September 23, 1932. Constitution: The Holy Qur'an (governed according to Islamic Law), Shari'a, and the Basic Law. Branches: Executive--King (chief of state and head of government; rules under the title Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques). Legislative--a Consultative Council with advisory powers was formed September 1993. Judicial--Supreme Court, Supreme Judicial Council, Islamic Courts of First Instance and Appeals. Administrative divisions: 13 provinces. Political parties: None.

Map of Saudi Arabia This Map of Saudi Arabia shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Riyadh the capital of Saudi Arabia. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Saudi Arabia The Official Name of Saudi Arabia is the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Saudi Arabia Nationality: Noun--Saudi(s). Adjective--Saudi Arabian or Saudi. Population (July 2010 est.): 28.7 million (23.1 million Saudis, 5.6 million foreign nationals). Annual growth rate: (2010 est.): 1.8%. Ethnic groups: Arab (90% of native pop.), Afro-Asian (10% of native pop.). Religion: Islam. Language: Arabic (official). Education: Literacy--total 78.8% (male 84.7%, female 70.8%). Health: Infant mortality rate (2010 est.)11.57 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy--male 74 years, female 78 years. Work force: 6.49 million, about 35% foreign workers (2005 est.); industry--25%; services (including government)--63%; agriculture--12%.

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