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Countries of the World: Slovenia
Resources about Slovenia including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Slovenia GDP (2009): 36.386 billion euros ($48.738 billion). Real GDP growth rate (2009): -7.8%. GDP per capita (2009): $23,800. Natural resources: Coal, mercury, timber. Agriculture/forestry/fishing (approx. 2% of GDP): Products-- wheat, corn, poultry, beef, pork, milk, potatoes, orchard fruits, wine. Industry (approx. 37% of GDP): Types--electrical equipment, chemical products, textiles, food products, electricity, metal products, wood products, transportation equipment. Services (approx. 61% of GDP): Types--retail, transportation, communications, real estate and other business activities. Trade: Exports ($22.6 billion, 2009)--machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured articles, chemical products. To U.S.--Slovenia exported 1.31% of its total exports to the U.S., which amounted to $292.6 million worth of exports (2009). Imports ($23.9 billion, 2009)--machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured articles, mineral fuels and lubricants. From U.S.--Slovenia imported 1.93% of its total imports from the U.S., which amounted to $463.4 million worth of imports (2009). Major trading partners-- Germany, Italy, Croatia, Austria, France, and Russia. Trade with the U.S. accounts for 1%-2% of the total trade. Foreign direct investment in 2010: $60.53 million (0.41% of total FDI in Slovenia).

Geography of Slovenia Area: 20,273 square kilometers (7,906 sq. mi.) slightly smaller than New Jersey. Cities: Capital--Ljubljana (2009 pop. 278,314). Other cities-- Maribor (112,642), Kranj (54,562), Koper (51,915), Celje (48,993). Terrain: Mountains rising to more than 2,500 meters (8,200 ft.) in the north, wide plateaus over 1,000 meters (3,280 ft.) high in the southeast, Karst limestone region of caves in the south-southwest, hills in the east, and approximately 50 kilometers (39 mi.) of coastline on the Adriatic Sea. Land use (2006): 63.3% forests, 24.2% agricultural land, 12.5% non-cultivated land. Climate: Temperate, with regional variations. Average temperature in the mountain region in January is below 0C (32F), in the interior from 0C -2C (32F-36F), and along the coast from 2C -4C (36F-39F); in July, average temperature in the interior is 20C -22C (68F-72F), along the coast 22C -24C (72F-75F). Average annual rainfall is from 800 mm (31 in.) in the east to 3,000 mm (117 in.) in the northwest.

Government of Slovenia Type: Parliamentary democracy. Independence: On June 25, 1991, the Republic of Slovenia declared independence from Yugoslavia. The United States and the European Union recognized Slovenia in 1992. Constitution: Adopted on December 23, 1991. Branches: Executive--president, head of state, directly elected for a maximum of two consecutive 5-year terms. Legislative--bicameral legislature (Parliament is composed of the National Assembly, with 90 deputies directly elected on party basis for 4-year terms, and the National Council, with 40 members elected by the National Assembly to represent social, economic, professional, and local interests for 5-year terms); prime minister, head of government, nominated by the president and elected by the National Assembly. Judicial--Constitutional Court, regular courts, and a public prosecutor. Political parties: National Assembly seats--Social Democrats (SD) 28; Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS) 27 seats; ZARES 9; Democratic Party of Slovenian Pensioners (DeSUS) 5; Slovene People's Party (SLS) 5; Slovene National Party (SNS) 5, Liberal Democracy of Slovenia (LDS) 5; Italian minority 1; Hungarian minority 1; unaffiliated 4. Suffrage: Universal over 18 years of age; permanent residents may vote in local elections. Administrative divisions: 210 local administrative units. Government budget: 10.474 billion euros ($14.663 billion), excluding healthcare and pension fund; defense, 1.55% of GDP and 5.3% of the budget (2010).

Map of Slovenia This Map of Slovenia shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Ljubljana the capital of Slovenia. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Slovenia The Official Name of Slovenia is the Republic of Slovenia. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Slovenia Nationality: Noun--Slovene(s). Adjective--Slovenian. Population (July 2010): 2,049,261. Annual population growth rate (2009): 0.72%. Ethnic groups (2002 census): Slovenes 83.06%, Croats 1.81%, Serbs 1.98%, Bosniaks 1.10%, Hungarians 0.32%, Montenegrins 0.14%, Macedonians 0.20%, Albanians 0.31%, Italians 0.11%, Roma 0.17%. Religions (2002 census): Roman Catholic 57.8%, refused to reply 15.7%, atheist 10.1%, Orthodox Christian 2.3%, Muslim 2.4%. Languages: The official language is Slovene. Hungarian and Italian are spoken in the border regions, and German fluency is common near the Austrian border. Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian are spoken by a sizable (6% of the population) minority. English is widely understood by business people and students. Education: Elementary school (26.1%), high school (54.1%), 2, and 4-year university degree (13%). Data according to 2002 census. Health: Infant mortality rate (2009)--2.4/1,000 births. Life expectancy (2009)--75.76 years for men, 82.31 years for women. Work force (2010): 935,672.

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