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Countries of the World: South Korea
Resources about South Korea including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of South Korea GDP (purchasing power parity in 2009): $1.364 trillion. Real GDP growth rate: 2007, 5.1%; 2008, 2.3%; 2009, 0.2%. GDP per capita (2009, current U.S. $): $17,074. Unemployment rate (2009): 3.6%. Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2008, 4.7%; 2009, 2.8%. Natural resources: Coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential. Agriculture: Products--rice, root crops, barley, vegetables, fruit, cattle, pigs, chickens, milk, eggs, fish. Arable land--16.58% of land area. Industry: Electronics, telecommunications, automobile production, chemicals, shipbuilding, steel. Trade (2009): Exports--$363.5 billion: semiconductors, wireless telecommunications equipment, motor vehicles, computers, steel, ships, petrochemicals. Imports-- $323.1 billion: crude oil, food, electronics and electronic equipment, machinery, transportation equipment, steel, organic chemicals, plastics, base metals and articles. Major export markets (2009)--China (23.2%), U.S. (10.1%), Japan (5.8%), Hong Kong (5.3%), Singapore (3.6%). Major importers to South Korea (2009)--China (16.8%), Japan (15.3%), U.S. (9.0%), Saudi Arabia (6.1%), Australia (4.6%).

Geography of South Korea Area: 98,480 sq. km. (38,023 sq. mi.); slightly larger than Indiana. Cities (2009): Capital--Seoul (10.5 million). Other major cities--Busan (3.6 million), Daegu (2.5 million), Incheon (2.7 million), Gwangju (1.4 million), Daejeon (1.4 million), Ulsan (1.1 million). Terrain: Partially forested mountain ranges separated by deep, narrow valleys; cultivated plains along the coasts, particularly in the west and south. Climate: Temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter.

Government of South Korea Type: Republic with powers shared between the president, the legislature, and the courts. Liberation: August 15, 1945. Constitution: July 17, 1948; last revised 1987. Branches: Executive--President (chief of state); Prime Minister (head of government). Legislative--unicameral National Assembly. Judicial--Supreme Court and appellate courts; Constitutional Court. Subdivisions: Nine provinces, seven administratively separate cities (Seoul, Busan, Incheon, Daegu, Gwangju, Daejeon, Ulsan). Political parties: Grand National Party (GNP); Democratic Party (DP), formerly known as United Democratic Party (UDP); Liberty Forward Party (LFP); New Progressive Party (NPP); Pro- Park Alliance (PPA); Renewal Korea Party (RKP). Suffrage: Universal at 19. Government budget (2009): Expenditures--$227.2 billion. Defense (2008): 2.5% of GDP.

Map of South Korea This Map of South Korea shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Seoul the capital of South Korea. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of South Korea The Official Name of South Korea is the Republic of Korea. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of South Korea Nationality: Noun and adjective--Korean(s). Population (2010): 48,636,068. Annual population growth rate (2010): 0.258%. Ethnic groups: Korean; small Chinese minority (about 20,000). Religions: Christianity, Buddhism, Shamanism, Confucianism, Chondogyo. Language: Korean; English widely taught in junior high and high school. Education: Years compulsory--9. Enrollment--11.5 million. Attendance--middle school 99%, high school 95%. Literacy--98%. Health (2010): Infant mortality rate--4.24/1,000. Life expectancy--78.81 yrs. (men 75.56 yrs.; women 82.28 yrs). Total labor force (2009): 24.37 million. Labor force by occupation (2007): Services--67.7%; industry-- 25.1%; agriculture--7.2%.

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