Countries of the World:
Resources about Spain including maps, facts about the land, people, history,
government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Spain
GDP (2009): $1.461 trillion (€1.051 trillion); seventh-
largest economy in the Organization for Economic Cooperation
and Development (OECD).
Per capita GDP (2009): $31,700 (€22,800).
GDP annual growth rate (2009): -3.6%.
Natural resources: Coal, lignite, iron ore, uranium,
mercury, pyrites, fluorspar, gypsum, zinc, lead, tungsten,
copper, kaolin, hydroelectric power.
Agriculture and fisheries (2.3% of GDP, 2009): Products--
grains, vegetables, citrus and deciduous fruits, wine,
olives and olive oil, sunflowers, livestock and poultry,
dairy products, seafood.
Industry (11.7% of GDP, 2009): Types--processed foods,
textiles, footwear, petrochemicals, steel, automobiles,
consumer goods, electronics.
Services (2009): 51.5% of GDP.
Trade (2009): Exports--$220 billion (€158 billion):
automobiles, fruits, minerals, metals, clothing, footwear,
textiles. Major markets--EU 69%, U.S. 4%. Imports--$290
billion (€208 billion): petroleum, oilseeds, aircraft,
grains, chemicals, machinery, transportation equipment,
fish, consumer goods. Major sources--EU 58%, U.S. 4%.
Average exchange rate (2009): 1 euro=U.S. $1.39.
Geography of Spain
Area: 504,750 sq. km. (194,884 sq. mi.), including the
Balearic and Canary Islands; about the size of Arizona and
Cities (2009 census): Capital--Madrid (3.5 million). Other
cities--Barcelona (1.6 million), Valencia (814,208), Seville
(703,206), Malaga (568,305), Zaragoza (674,317), Bilbao
Terrain: High plateaus, lowland areas such as narrow coastal
plains, and mountainous regions.
Climate: Temperate. Summers are hot in the interior and more
moderate and cloudy along the coast; winters are cold in
interior and partly cloudy and cool along the coast.
Time zone: Spanish mainland and Balearic Isles--local time is
1 hour ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) in winter and 2
hours ahead in summer. Canary Islands are on GMT.
Government of Spain
Type: Constitutional monarchy (Juan Carlos I proclaimed King
November 22, 1975).
Branches: Executive--president of government nominated by
monarch, subject to approval by democratically elected
Congress of Deputies. Legislative--bicameral Cortes: a 350-
seat Congress of Deputies (elected by the d'Hondt system of
proportional representation) and a Senate. Four senators are
elected in each of 47 peninsular provinces, 16 are elected
from the three island provinces, and Ceuta and Melilla elect
two each; this accounts for 208 senators. The parliaments of
the 17 autonomous regions also elect one senator as well as
one additional senator for every 1 million inhabitants
within their territory (about 20 senators). Judicial--
Constitutional Tribunal has jurisdiction over constitutional
issues. Supreme Tribunal heads system comprising
territorial, provincial, regional, and municipal courts.
Subdivisions: 47 peninsular and three island provinces; two
enclaves on the Mediterranean coast of Morocco (Ceuta and
Melilla) and three island groups along that coast--
Alhucemas, Penon de Velez de la Gomera, and the Chafarinas
Political parties: Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE),
Popular Party (PP), and the United Left (IU) coalition. Key
regional parties are the Convergence and Union (CIU) in
Catalonia and the Basque Nationalist Party (PNV) in the
Map of Spain
This Map of Spain shows the borders of the country, as well as
rivers, and cities including Madrid the capital of Spain.
(Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Spain
The Official Name of Spain is the Kingdom of Spain. (Facts
from the U.S. State Department)
People of Spain
Nationality: Noun--Spaniard(s). Adjective--Spanish.
Population (National Institute of Statistics (INE), January 1,
Ethnic groups: Distinct ethnic groups within Spain include the
Basques, Catalans, and Galicians.
Religion: Predominantly Roman Catholic (approx. 75%);
Protestant and Islamic faiths also have a significant
Languages: Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan-Valencian 17%,
Galician 7%, Basque 2%.
Education: Years compulsory--to age 16. Literacy (INE, third
Work force (first quarter 2010): 18.4 million.
Unemployment rate (first quarter 2010): 20.05%.
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