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Countries of the World: Sri Lanka
Resources about Sri Lanka including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Sri Lanka GDP: $41.32 billion. Annual growth rate: 3.5%. Natural resources: Limestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, and phosphate. Agriculture (12.8% of GDP): Major products--rice, tea, rubber, coconut, and spices. Services (58% of GDP): Major types--tourism, wholesale and retail trade, transport, telecom, financial services. Industry (29.2% of GDP): Major types--garments and leather goods, rubber products, food processing, chemicals, refined petroleum, gems and jewelry, non-metallic mineral-based products, and construction. Trade: Exports--$7.0 billion: garments, tea, rubber products, jewelry and gems, refined petroleum, and coconuts. Major markets--U.S. ($1.54 billion), U.K., India. Imports--$9.6 billion. Major suppliers--India, Singapore, Hong Kong, China, Iran, Malaysia, Japan, U.K., U.A.E., Belgium, Indonesia, South Korea, U.S. ($283 million).

Geography of Sri Lanka Area: 65,610 sq. km. (25,332 sq. mi.); about the size of West Virginia. Cities: Capital--Colombo (pop. est. 1.3 million--urban area). Sri Jayewardenepura-Kotte is the officially designated capital and is the site of Parliament. Other cities--Kandy (150,000), Galle (110,000), Jaffna (100,000). Terrain: Coastal plains in the northern third of country; hills and mountains in south-central Sri Lanka rise to more than 2,133 meters (7,000 ft.). Climate: Tropical. Rainy seasons--light in northeast, fall and winter, with average rainfall of 50 in.; heavy in southwest, summer and fall, with average rainfall of 200 in.

Government of Sri Lanka Type: Republic. Independence: February 4, 1948. Constitution: August 31, 1978. Suffrage: Universal over 18. Branches: Executive--president, chief of state and head of government, elected for a 6-year term. Legislative--unicameral 225-member Parliament. Judicial--Supreme Court, Court of Appeal, High Court, subordinate courts. Administrative subdivisions: Nine provinces and 25 administrative districts. Political parties: Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna, National Freedom Front, Jathika Hela Urumaya, Sri Lanka Freedom Party, Tamil National Alliance, United National Party, Tamileela Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal, Sri Lankan Muslim Congress, National Unity Alliance, Ceylon Workers' Congress, Up-Country People's Front, several small Tamil and Muslim parties, Marxists, and others.

Map of Sri Lanka This Map of Sri Lanka shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Colombo the capital of Sri Lanka. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Sri Lanka The Official Name of Sri Lanka is the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Sri Lanka Nationality: Noun and adjective--Sri Lankan(s). Population: 21.3 million. Annual growth rate: 0.9%. Ethnic groups (2002): Sinhalese (74%), Tamils (18%), Muslims (7%), others (1%). Religions: Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity. Languages: Sinhala and Tamil (official), English. Education: Years compulsory--to age 14. Primary school attendance--96.5%. Literacy--91%. Health: Infant mortality rate--18.57/1,000. Life expectancy-- 73 yrs. (male); 77 yrs. (female). Work force: 8.1 million (excluding northern provinces).

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