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Countries of the World: Swaziland
Resources about Swaziland including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Swaziland GDP (2009): $2.9 billion. GDP real growth rate: 2.4% (2008); 0.4% (2009). Gross national income per capita (2008): $2,285. Inflation: 12.6% (2008); 7.5% (2009). Natural resources: Coal, quarry stone, timber, talc. Agriculture (8.3% of GDP): Products--sugarcane, corn, citrus fruits, livestock, wood, pineapple, tobacco, rice, peanuts. Manufacturing (28.2% of GDP): Types--sugar refining, light manufactured goods, wood pulp, textiles, processed foods, consumer goods. Trade (2008): Exports--$1.57 billion: soft drink concentrates, sugar, pulp, canned fruits, cotton yarn. Major markets--South Africa (80%), EU (10%), Mozambique (10%). Imports--$1.58 billion: chemicals, clothing, foodstuffs, machinery, motor vehicles, petroleum products.

Geography of Swaziland Area: 17,363 sq. km. (6,704 sq. miles); slightly smaller than New Jersey. Major cities: Mbabane (capital, pop. 60,000), Manzini (principal commercial city, pop. 65,000). Terrain: Mountainous plateau to savanna. Climate: Near temperate to tropical.

Government of Swaziland Type: Monarchy. Independence: September 6, 1968. Constitution: On July 26, 2005, King Mswati III ratified Swaziland's constitution. This is Swaziland's first constitution in over 30 years. It went into effect February 8, 2006. Branches: Executive--monarch (head of state), prime minister (head of government), cabinet (appointed by the king at the recommendation of the prime minister). Legislative--Parliament consisting of the House of Assembly (65 members: 55 elected, 10 appointed by the king) and Senate (30 members: 10 appointed by the House of Assembly, 20 appointed by the king). Judicial- -a dual court system of traditional courts under chiefs and a Roman-Dutch system comprising magistrates courts, High Court, Supreme Court (formerly Court of Appeals). Administrative subdivisions: 4 regions, 9 municipal governments, and 55 tinkhundla centers (traditional administrative units). Political parties: None registered. Suffrage: Universal after 18.

Map of Swaziland This Map of Swaziland shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Mbabane the capital of Swaziland. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Swaziland The Official Name of Swaziland is the Kingdom of Swaziland. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Swaziland Nationality: Noun and adjective--Swazi(s). Population: 1.2 million. Annual population growth rate (2010): 1.213%. Ethnic groups: African 97%, European 3%. Religion: Zionist 40% (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship), Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, other (includes Anglican, Baha'i, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish) 30%. Education: Years compulsory--none. Attendance--65% primary and 44% secondary. Literacy--81.6%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2010)--66.71/1,000. Life expectancy (2010)--47.97 years. The prevalence of HIV in Swaziland's adult population is 39%, the highest in the world. Work force: Agriculture and forestry--21.4%; construction-- 6.1%; distribution--10.5%; finance--8.3%; manufacturing-- 20.1%; mining and quarry--1%; services--32.6%; transport-- 2.9%.

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