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Countries of the World: Sweden
Resources about Sweden including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Sweden GDP (2010 est., nominal): $438.8 billion. GDP (2010 est., per capita purchasing power parity): $37,032. GNI (2009, per capita purchasing power parity): $38,560. Annual GDP growth rate (2010 est.): 4.5%. Exchange rate (September 2010): Swedish kronor (SEK) per U.S. dollar = 7.073. Exchange rate (January-September 2010 avg.): Swedish kronor (SEK) per U.S. dollar = 7.3475. Inflation rate (2010 est.): 1.4%. Natural resources: Forests, hydroelectric power, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber. Agriculture, forestry, and fishing (2009): Approximately 1.5% of GDP. Products--dairy products, meat, grains (barley, wheat), sugar beets, potatoes, wood. Arable land--9 million acres. Industry (2010): Approximately 26.6% of GDP. Types-- machinery/metal products (iron and steel), electrical equipment, aircraft, paper products, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods. Services (2010): Approximately 71.8% of GDP. Types-- telecommunications, computer equipment, biotech. Trade: Exports (2010)--SEK 728.2 billion (U.S. $102.9 billion). Types--machinery and transport equipment, 44.1%; chemical and rubber products, 13.4%; food, clothing, textiles, and furniture, 12%; wood and paper products, 11.7%; minerals, 10.7%; mineral fuels and electric current, 8.1%. Major trading partners, exports (2010)--Germany 10.1%, Norway 9.9%, U.K. 7.6%, U.S. 7.3%, Denmark 6.5%, Finland 6.2%, France 5.1%, Netherlands 4.7%, Belgium 3.9%, China 3.1%. Imports (2010)--SEK 687.6 billion (U.S. $97.2 billion). Types--machinery and transport equipment, 41.8%; food, clothing, textiles and furniture, 19.6%; mineral fuels and electric current, 13.5%; chemicals and rubber products, 12.8%; minerals, 9.2%; wood and paper products, 3.1%. Major trading partners, imports (2010)--Germany 18.3%, Norway 8.7%, Denmark 8.5%, Netherlands 6.4%, U.K. 5.7%, Finland 5.2%, Russia 4.9%, France 4.8%, Belgium 3.9%, China 3.9%.

Geography of Sweden Area: 449,964 sq. km. (173,731 sq. mi.)--slightly larger than California. Cities: Capital--Stockholm (city population: 809,072). Other cities--Goteborg (city population: 499,747), Malmo (city population: 285,801). Terrain: Generally flat or rolling. Three of the principal rivers, the Ume, the Torne and the Angerman, flow into the Gulf of Bothnia. The highest areas are found in the Kjolen mountain range along the border with Norway, where peaks rise to over 1,500 m; the highest point is at the northern tip of this range, at Kebnekaise, which reaches 2,111 m (6,926 ft.). South of the mountains is the lakeland area, where the Vanern, the largest lake in Western Europe--over twice the size of Luxembourg--is situated. South of the lakes is the infertile Smaland plateau, surrounded by the lowland plains that border the sea. The mountainous regions and some northern parts of Sweden are covered in snow for much of the year, and only 8% of the country is given over to agriculture. Climate: Temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; sub-arctic in the north. The north of Sweden lies within the Arctic Circle, and continental influences also contribute to the cold climate. In northern areas, winters are usually long and cold. The south of Sweden benefits from maritime influences and the climate is milder. In the capital city of Stockholm, which lies on the south-east coast, daily average temperatures only fall to −3.1°C (27°F) in February, the coldest month, and are 17.8°C (64°F) in July. The mean annual rainfall in Stockholm is 22 in., with the largest amount of rain falling between July and September.

Government of Sweden Type: Constitutional monarchy. Constitution: The Swedish Constitution is based on four fundamental laws: the Instrument of Government (originally dating from June 6, 1809), the Act of Succession (1810), the Freedom of the Press Act (1949), and the Riksdag Act. Following partial reforms in 1968 and 1969, a new Instrument of Government and a new Riksdag Act were adopted in 1973 and 1974, and the revised Constitution came into force on January 1, 1975, replacing the Acts of 1809, 1866 and 1949. Branches: Executive--monarch (head of state); prime minister (head of government); Cabinet, responsible to Parliament. Legislative--unicameral Parliament (Riksdag--349 members). Judicial--84 district courts, 10 appeal courts and two superior courts. Subdivisions: 21 counties, 18 county councils, 290 municipalities, and two regions. Political parties represented in Parliament: the Moderate Party (conservative), the Liberal Party, the Center Party, the Christian Democratic Party, the Social Democratic Party, the Left Party, the Green Party, and the party of the Sweden Democrats. Suffrage: Universal, 18 years of age. After 3 years of legal residence, immigrants may vote in county council and municipal elections, but not in national elections.

Map of Sweden This Map of Sweden shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Stockholm the capital of Sweden. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Sweden The Official Name of Sweden is the Kingdom of Sweden. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Sweden Nationality: Noun--Swedes; adjective--Swedish. Population (June 30, 2010): 9,373,379. Annual population growth rate (2010): 0.83%. Ethnic groups: Indigenous Swedes, ethnic Finns, and ethnic Sami. Immigrants (2010 est.): 14.1% of all people living in Sweden are born abroad. In 2009 102,280 people immigrated to Sweden. The immigrant groups are Finns, Iraqis, ex- Yugoslavia nationals, Somalis, Iranians, Norwegians, Danes, Turks, and Poles. Religions: Lutheran (official Church of Sweden) (75%), other Protestant groups (5%), Muslim (5%), Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Orthodox, Baptist, Jewish, Buddhist. Education: Years compulsory--9. Literacy--99%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2010 est.)--2.75/1,000. Life expectancy (2010 est.)--men 78.59 years, women 83.26 years. Work force (2009 est.): 4.93 million. Agriculture--1.1%; industry--28.2%; services--70.7%. Unemployment (September 2010)--7.8%. Public holidays (2010): January 1 (New Year's Day); January 6 (Epiphany); April 2 (Good Friday); April 4 (Easter Sunday); April 5 (Easter Monday); May 1 (Labor Day); May 13 (Ascension Day); May 23 (Pentecost); June 6 (National Day); June 25 (Midsummer’s Eve); November 1 (All Saints' Day); December 25 (Christmas); December 26 (Boxing Day). The eve of a holiday is as important--or more so--than the holiday itself. Most Swedes have the day off, including those working in the civil service, banks, public transport, hospitals, shops, and the media. Others have at least a half-day. This applies especially to Midsummer's Eve, All Saints' Day Eve, and Christmas Eve. The eve of May Day is called Valborg Eve or St Walpurgis. When a holiday falls on a Thursday many Swedes have the following Friday off in addition. When a holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday it is not taken on the following Monday.

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