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Resources about Thailand including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Thailand
GDP (2009 prelim.): $264 billion. (Data based on the
National Economic and Social Development Board)
Annual GDP growth rate (2009 prelim.): -2.2%.
Per capita income (2009 prelim.): $3,940.
Unemployment rate (2009 prelim.): 1.5% of total labor force.
Natural resources: Tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten,
tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite.
Agriculture (8.9% of GDP): Products--rice, tapioca, rubber,
corn, sugarcane, coconuts, soybeans.
Industry: Types--tourism, textiles, garments, agricultural
processing, cement, integrated circuits, jewelry,
electronics, petrochemical, and auto assembly.
Trade (2009 preliminary): Merchandise exports--$150.7
billion. Products--automatic data processing machines and
parts, automobiles and parts, precious stones and jewelry,
refined fuels, rubber, electronic integrated circuits,
polymers of ethylene and propylene, rice, iron and steel and
their products, rubber products, chemical products. Major
markets--ASEAN, EU, U.S., Japan, China, and Hong Kong.
Merchandise imports--$131.4 billion. Products--crude oil,
machinery and parts, electrical machinery and parts,
chemicals, iron and steel and their products, electrical
circuits panels, computers and parts, other metal ores and
metal waste scrap, ships and boats and floating structure,
jewelry including silver and gold. Major suppliers--ASEAN,
Japan, China, the Middle East, EU, and U.S.
Geography of Thailand
Area: 513,115 sq. km. (198,114 sq. mi.); equivalent to the
size of France, or slightly smaller than Texas.
Cities: Capital--Bangkok (population 9,668,854); Nakhon
Ratchasima (pop. 437,386 for Muang district and 2,565,685 for
the whole province), Chiang Mai (pop. 247,672 for Muang
district and 1,595,855 for the whole province).
Terrain: Densely populated central plain; northeastern
plateau; mountain range in the west; southern isthmus joins
the land mass with Malaysia.
Climate: Tropical monsoon.
Government of Thailand
Type: Constitutional monarchy.
Constitution: Thailand adopted its current constitution
following an August 19, 2007 referendum.
Independence: Never colonized; traditional founding date 1238.
Branches: Executive--King (chief of state), Prime Minister
(head of government). Legislative--bicameral, with a fully-
elected House of Representatives and a partially-elected
Senate. Judicial--composed of the Constitutional Tribunal, the
Courts of Justice, and the Administrative Courts.
Administrative subdivisions: 76 provinces, including Bangkok
municipality, subdivided into 877 districts, 7,255 tambon
administration, and 74,944 villages.
Political parties: Multi-party system; Communist Party is
Suffrage: Universal and compulsory at 18 years of age.
Map of Thailand
This Map of Thailand shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Bangkok the capital of
Thailand. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Thailand
The Official Name of Thailand is the Kingdom of Thailand.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Thailand
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Thai.
Population (2009 est.): 67.0 million. (Data based on the
Thailand National Statistic Office and the National Economic
and Social Development Board.)
Labor force (2009 est.): 38.24 million.
Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 0.5%.
Ethnic groups: Thai 89%, other 11%.
Religions: Buddhist 93%-94%, Muslim 5%-6%, Christian 1%,
Hindu, Brahmin, other.
Languages: Thai (official language); English is the second
language of the elite; Malay and regional dialects.
Education: Years compulsory--12. Literacy--94.9% male, 90.5%
Health (2008 est.): Infant mortality rate--18.23/1,000. Life
expectancy--70.51 years male, 75.27 years female.
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