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Countries of the World: Thailand
Resources about Thailand including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Thailand GDP (2009 prelim.): $264 billion. (Data based on the National Economic and Social Development Board) Annual GDP growth rate (2009 prelim.): -2.2%. Per capita income (2009 prelim.): $3,940. Unemployment rate (2009 prelim.): 1.5% of total labor force. Natural resources: Tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite. Agriculture (8.9% of GDP): Products--rice, tapioca, rubber, corn, sugarcane, coconuts, soybeans. Industry: Types--tourism, textiles, garments, agricultural processing, cement, integrated circuits, jewelry, electronics, petrochemical, and auto assembly. Trade (2009 preliminary): Merchandise exports--$150.7 billion. Products--automatic data processing machines and parts, automobiles and parts, precious stones and jewelry, refined fuels, rubber, electronic integrated circuits, polymers of ethylene and propylene, rice, iron and steel and their products, rubber products, chemical products. Major markets--ASEAN, EU, U.S., Japan, China, and Hong Kong. Merchandise imports--$131.4 billion. Products--crude oil, machinery and parts, electrical machinery and parts, chemicals, iron and steel and their products, electrical circuits panels, computers and parts, other metal ores and metal waste scrap, ships and boats and floating structure, jewelry including silver and gold. Major suppliers--ASEAN, Japan, China, the Middle East, EU, and U.S.

Geography of Thailand Area: 513,115 sq. km. (198,114 sq. mi.); equivalent to the size of France, or slightly smaller than Texas. Cities: Capital--Bangkok (population 9,668,854); Nakhon Ratchasima (pop. 437,386 for Muang district and 2,565,685 for the whole province), Chiang Mai (pop. 247,672 for Muang district and 1,595,855 for the whole province). Terrain: Densely populated central plain; northeastern plateau; mountain range in the west; southern isthmus joins the land mass with Malaysia. Climate: Tropical monsoon.

Government of Thailand Type: Constitutional monarchy. Constitution: Thailand adopted its current constitution following an August 19, 2007 referendum. Independence: Never colonized; traditional founding date 1238. Branches: Executive--King (chief of state), Prime Minister (head of government). Legislative--bicameral, with a fully- elected House of Representatives and a partially-elected Senate. Judicial--composed of the Constitutional Tribunal, the Courts of Justice, and the Administrative Courts. Administrative subdivisions: 76 provinces, including Bangkok municipality, subdivided into 877 districts, 7,255 tambon administration, and 74,944 villages. Political parties: Multi-party system; Communist Party is prohibited. Suffrage: Universal and compulsory at 18 years of age.

Map of Thailand This Map of Thailand shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Bangkok the capital of Thailand. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Thailand The Official Name of Thailand is the Kingdom of Thailand. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Thailand Nationality: Noun and adjective--Thai. Population (2009 est.): 67.0 million. (Data based on the Thailand National Statistic Office and the National Economic and Social Development Board.) Labor force (2009 est.): 38.24 million. Annual population growth rate (2009 est.): 0.5%. Ethnic groups: Thai 89%, other 11%. Religions: Buddhist 93%-94%, Muslim 5%-6%, Christian 1%, Hindu, Brahmin, other. Languages: Thai (official language); English is the second language of the elite; Malay and regional dialects. Education: Years compulsory--12. Literacy--94.9% male, 90.5% female. Health (2008 est.): Infant mortality rate--18.23/1,000. Life expectancy--70.51 years male, 75.27 years female.

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