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Countries of the World: Trinidad and Tobago
Resources about Trinidad and Tobago including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of Trinidad and Tobago (2008 est.) GDP: U.S. $20.9 billion (current prices). Annual growth rate: 3.5% (2008 est.), 5.5% (2007). Per capita income: U.S. $18,864 (2008 est.). Natural resources: Oil and natural gas, timber, fish. Petroleum (oil, natural gas, petrochemicals): 46% of GDP. Financial services: 11% of GDP. Distribution including restaurants: 11% of GDP. Manufacturing (food and beverages, assembly, chemicals, printing): 5% of GDP (excludes oil refining and petrochemical industries). Construction and quarrying: 9% of GDP. Transport/storage/communication: 5% of GDP. Government services: 6% of GDP. Education, cultural community services: 2.2% of GDP. Electricity and water: 0.9% of GDP. Agriculture (sugar, poultry, other meat, vegetables, citrus): 0.3% of GDP. Hotels and guesthouses: 0.4% of GDP.

Geography of Trinidad and Tobago Area: 5,128 sq. km. (1,980 sq. mi.), about the size of Delaware. Trinidad--4,828 sq. km. (1,864 sq. mi). Tobago--300 sq. km. (116 sq. mi). Cities: Capital--Port of Spain (metropolitan pop. 310,000). Other cities and boroughs--San Fernando, Chaguanas, Arima, Scarborough (Tobago). Terrain: Plains and low mountains. Climate: Tropical; principal rainy season is June through December.

Government of Trinidad and Tobago Type: Parliamentary democracy. Independence: August 31, 1962. Present constitution: September 24, 1976. Branches: Executive--president (chief of state), prime minister (head of government), cabinet. Legislative--bicameral parliament. Judicial--independent court system; highest court of appeal is Privy Council (London). Subdivisions: Nine regional corporations, two city corporations, three borough corporations, one ward (Trinidad); Tobago House of Assembly. Political parties: People's National Movement (PNM); United National Congress (UNC); Congress of the People (COP); other minor parties, including the National Alliance for Reconstruction (NAR). Suffrage: Universal at 18.

Map of Trinidad and Tobago This Map of Trinidad and Tobago shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including Port of Spain the capital of Trinidad and Tobago. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of Trinidad and Tobago The Official Name of Trinidad and Tobago is the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of Trinidad and Tobago Nationality: Noun and adjective--Trinidadian(s) and Tobagonian(s). (Note: A popular combination name for Trinidadians and Tobagonians is Trinbagonians.) Population (2007 est.): 1,303,188. Annual growth rate: 0.4%. Ethnic groups (2000): East Indian 40.0%, African 37.5%, mixed 20.5%, European 0.6%, Chinese 0.3%, other/not stated 1.1%. Religions (2000): Roman Catholic 26.0%, Hindu 22.5%, Anglican 7.8%, Pentecostal 6.8%, Baptist 7.2%, other Christian 5.8%, Muslim 5.8%, Seventh Day Adventist 4%, other 10.8%, unspecified 1.4%, none 1.9%. Language: English. Education: Years compulsory--8. Literacy--98.6%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2005 est.)--25.81/1,000. Life expectancy (2006 est.)--66 yrs. male; 68 yrs. female. Work force (620,800, first quarter 2008): Trade and services 62.9%, construction 18.9%, manufacturing 9.5%, agriculture/sugar 3.8%, oil/gas 3.3%, utilities 1.5%.

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