Countries of the World:
Resources about Tuvalu including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government,
political conditions, and economy.
Economy of Tuvalu
(all figures in U.S. $)
GDP (2008 est.): $28.34 million.
GDP per capita (2008 est.): $2,874.
GDP real growth rate (2010 est.): 1.6%
Industry: Types--fishing, tourism (government and non-
governmental organization officials on business), copra.
Trade: Exports (2007 est.)--$100,410; stamps, copra,
handicrafts. Major markets--Fiji, Australia, New Zealand.
Imports (2007 est.)--$15.5 million; prepared foodstuffs,
mineral products, machinery, animals and animal products.
Major sources--Australia, Fiji, Singapore, New Zealand.
Currency: Australian dollar (A$).
Geography of Tuvalu
Area: 26 sq. km.
Terrain: Very low lying and narrow coral atolls.
Climate: Tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March-
November); westerly gales and heavy rain (November-March).
Government of Tuvalu
Type: Constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy.
Independence (from U.K.): October 1, 1978.
Constitution: October 1, 1978.
Branches: Executive--Queen Elizabeth II (head of state,
represented by a governor general); prime minister (head of
government). Legislative--unicameral Parliament, also called
House of Assembly (15 seats; members elected by popular vote
to serve 4-year term). Judicial--High Court with eight Island
Courts (with limited jurisdiction). Rulings from High Court
can be appealed to the Court of Appeal in Fiji.
Major political parties: None.
Map of Tuvalu
This Map of Tuvalu shows the borders of the country, as well
as rivers, and cities including Funafuti the capital of
Tuvalu. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name of Tuvalu
The Official Name of Tuvalu is Tuvalu. (Facts from the U.S.
People of Tuvalu
Nationality: Noun--Tuvaluan (s); adjective--Tuvaluan.
Population (2010 est.): 11,149. Age structure (2010 est.)--32%
under 15; 8.3% over 65.
Population growth rate (2010 est.): 1.6%.
Ethnic groups: Polynesians 96%, Micronesians 4%.
Religion: Church of Tuvalu (Congregationalist) 97%; Seventh-
day Adventist 1.4%, Baha'i 1%, other 0.6%.
Languages: Tuvaluan, English, Samoan, Kiribati (on the island
of Nui) also spoken.
Education (2004): Literacy--95%.
Health (2004): Life expectancy--total 61.5 yrs.; male 61 yrs;
female 62. Infant mortality rate (2006-2008)--17.3/1,000.
Work force (2004 est.): total 6,000; formal sector 2,400.
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