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Countries of the World: United Kingdom
Resources about United Kingdom including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and economy.

Economy of United Kingdom GDP (at current market prices, 2009): $2.184 trillion. Annual growth rate (2009): -4.8%. Per capita GDP (at current market prices, 2009): $35,334. Natural resources: Coal, oil, natural gas, tin, limestone, iron ore, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, lead, silica. Agriculture (1.2% of GDP): Products--cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables, cattle, sheep, poultry, fish. Industry: Types--steel, heavy engineering and metal manufacturing, textiles, motor vehicles and aircraft, construction (23.8% of GDP), electronics, chemicals. Services (75% of GDP): Types--financial, business, distribution, transport, communication, hotels. Trade (2009): Exports of goods and services--$351.3 billion: manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals; food, beverages, tobacco. Major markets--U.S., European Union. Imports of goods and services--$473.6 billion: manufactured goods, machinery, fuels, foodstuffs. Major suppliers--U.S., European Union, and China.

Geography of United Kingdom Area: 243,000 sq. km. (93,000 sq. mi.); slightly smaller than Oregon. Cities: Capital--London (metropolitan pop. about 7.56 million). Other cities--Birmingham, Glasgow, Leeds, Sheffield, Liverpool, Bradford, Manchester, Edinburgh, Bristol, Belfast. Terrain: 30% arable, 50% meadow and pasture, 12% waste or urban, 7% forested, 1% inland water. Land use: 25% arable, 46% meadows and pastures, 10% forests and woodland, 19% other. Climate: Generally mild and temperate; weather is subject to frequent changes but to few extremes of temperature.

Government of United Kingdom Type: Constitutional monarchy. Constitution: Unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice. Branches: Executive--monarch (head of state), prime minister (head of government), cabinet. Legislative--bicameral Parliament: House of Commons, House of Lords; Scottish Parliament, Welsh Assembly, and Northern Ireland Assembly. Judicial--magistrates' courts, county courts, high courts, appellate courts, House of Lords, Supreme Court. Subdivisions: Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland (municipalities, counties, and parliamentary constituencies). Political parties: Conservative, Labour, Liberal Democrats, UK Independence Party, British National Party, Green Party; also, in Scotland--Scottish National Party. Wales--Plaid Cymru (Party of Wales). Northern Ireland--Ulster Unionist Party, Social Democratic and Labour Party, Democratic Unionist Party, Sinn Fein, Alliance Party, Progressive Unionist Party. Suffrage: British subjects and citizens of other Commonwealth countries and the Irish Republic resident in the U.K., at 18.

Map of United Kingdom This Map of United Kingdom shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and cities including London the capital of United Kingdom. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)

Official Name of United Kingdom The Official Name of United Kingdom is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. (Facts from the U.S. State Department)

People of United Kingdom Nationality: Noun--Briton(s). Adjective--British. Population (2010 est.): 62.2 million. Annual population growth rate (2010 est.): 0.56%. Major ethnic groups: British, Irish, West Indian, South Asian. Major religions: Church of England (Anglican), Roman Catholic, Church of Scotland (Presbyterian), Muslim. Major languages: English, Welsh, Irish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic. Education: Years compulsory--12. Attendance--nearly 100%. Literacy--99%. Health: Infant mortality rate (2009 est.)--4.69/1,000. Life expectancy (2009 est.)--males 77.8 yrs.; females 82.1 yrs.; total 79.9 years. Work force (2009, 31.25 million): Services--80.4%; industry-- 18.2%; agriculture--1.4%.

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