Countries of the World:
Resources about Uzbekistan including maps, facts about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, and
Economy of Uzbekistan
(Note: Government of Uzbekistan statistics are not
consistently reliable. This report relies on unofficial
estimates and states clearly when a figure is an estimate.
Estimates by international financial institutions also use
Government of Uzbekistan statistics.)
GDP: 2009 real GDP growth was 8.1%, according to the
International Monetary Fund (IMF) based on Government of
Uzbekistan statistics. Actual GDP growth was likely lower.
Inflation: The IMF estimated that consumer price inflation
reached 14.1% in 2009, though actual inflation was likely
higher, between 18%-21%.
Per capita GDP: Estimated per capita GDP in 2009 was $1,121;
GDP per capita on a purchasing power parity basis was
Natural resources: Natural gas, petroleum, gold, coal,
uranium, silver, copper, lead, zinc, tungsten, molybdenum.
Natural gas production in 2009 was 61.4 billion cubic meters
(bcm); oil production was 4.4 million tons.
Agriculture: Products--cotton, fourth-largest producer
worldwide; vegetables, fruits, grain, livestock.
Industry: Types--textiles, food processing, machine
building, metallurgy, natural gas, automobiles, chemical.
The industrial production growth rate was estimated at 23.6%
in 2009; electricity production was 50.1 billion kilowatt
Budget (2009 estimates): Revenues--$12.1 billion (IMF
Regional Economic Outlook, May 2010); expenditure and net
Trade: Exports (2009)--largest contribution from natural
gas, ferrous metals, cotton fiber, food products,
automobiles. Major trade partners (2009)--Russia 21%, China
9.7%, Switzerland 7.9%, Ukraine 7.2%, Kazakhstan 6.2%.
Imports (2009)--largest imports were machinery and
equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs. Primary export
partner (2009 est.)--CIS 34%. Primary import partner (2009
External debt (total gross, 2009 est.): $4.33 billion.
Geography of Uzbekistan
Area: 447,400 sq. km., slightly larger than California.
Major cities: Capital--Tashkent (pop. 2.5 million); Samarkand
(600,000); Namangan (378,000); Bukhara (350,000).
Terrain: Flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes; broad, flat,
intensely irrigated river valleys along Amu Darya, Syr Darya;
shrinking Aral Sea; semiarid grasslands surrounded by
mountainous Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan in east.
Climate: Mid-latitude desert; long, hot summers, mild winters.
Government of Uzbekistan
Independence: September 1, 1991.
Constitution: December 8, 1992.
Branches: Executive--president, prime minister, cabinet.
Legislative--bicameral Supreme Assembly or Oliy Majlis
consists of an Upper House or Senate (100 seats; 84 members
are elected by regional governing councils to serve 5-year
terms and 16 are appointed by the president) and a Lower
House or Legislative Chamber (150 seats; elected by popular
vote to serve 5-year terms). Judiciary--Supreme Court,
constitutional court, economic court.
Administrative subdivisions (viloyatlar): 12, plus Republic
of Karakalpakstan and city of Tashkent.
Political parties and leaders: Adolat (Justice) Social
Democratic Party--established February 18, 1995 in Tashkent,
number of seats in the Legislative Chamber of the parliament
18, Ismail Saifnazarov, first secretary; Democratic National
Rebirth Party (Milly Tiklanish Democratic Partiya) or MTP--
established on June 3, 1995 in Tashkent, and merged with the
National Democratic Party "Fidokorlar" ("Selfless men") on
June 20, 2008, number of seats in the Legislative Chamber of
the parliament 31, Ulugbek Muhammadiev, chairman; People's
Democratic Party or PDPU (Uzbekiston Halq Democratic
Partiya, formerly Communist Party)--established November 1,
1991 in Tashkent, number of seats in the Legislative Chamber
of the parliament 32, Ulugbek Vafoev, first secretary;
Liberal Democratic Party of Uzbekistan--established December
3, 2003, number of seats in the Legislative Chamber of the
parliament 52, Muhammadyusuf Mutalibjanovich Teshaboev
Bahtiyor Yakubov, chairman; Ecological (“Green”) Movement--
established 2009 in Tashkent (15 seats, as reserved
according to the constitution.) Other political or pressure
groups and leaders: Birlik (Unity) Movement--Abdurakhim
PULATOV, chairman; Erk (Freedom) Democratic Party--Mohammed
SOLIH, chairman (banned Dec. 1992); party of Agrarians and
Entrepreneurs of Uzbekistan--Marat ZAHIDOV, chairman; Ozod
Dehkon (Free Farmers) Party--Nigara KHIDOYATOVA, general
secretary; Human Rights Society of Uzbekistan--Abdumannob
PULATOV, chairman; Independent Human Rights Society of
Uzbekistan--Mikhail ARDZINOV, chairman; Ezgulik--Vasilya
Suffrage: Universal at age 18, unless imprisoned or
certified as insane.
Defense: Manpower fit for military service--males age 16-49
fit for military service: 6,304,446 (2009 est.), females age
16-49 fit for military service: 6,559,756 (2009 est.); 18
years of age for compulsory military service; 1-year
conscript service obligation.
Map of Uzbekistan
This Map of Uzbekistan shows the borders of the country, as
well as rivers, and cities including Tashkent the capital of
Uzbekistan. (Maps from the U.S. State Department)
Official Name Uzbekistan
The Official Name of Uzbekistan is the Republic of Uzbekistan.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Uzbekistan
Population (April 2010 est.): 28.095 million.
Ethnic groups (1996 est.): Uzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%,
Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5%.
Religions: Muslim 90% (mostly Sunni), Eastern Orthodox 5%,
Languages: Uzbek 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%.
Education: Literacy--97% (total population).
Health (2009 est.): Life expectancy--68.95 years men; 75.15
Work force (15.28 million): Agricultural and forestry--28.2%;
industry--33.9%; services--37.9%. (Source: World Development
Indicators Database, April 2009).
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