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Resources about Vanuatu including maps, facts about the land,
people, history, government, political conditions, and
Economy of Vanuatu
GDP (2008): $574 million.
Per capita income (2008): $2,257.
Real growth rate (2008): 6.6%.
Avg. inflation rate (2009): 3.7%.
Natural resources: Forests, agricultural land, marine
Agriculture: Products--copra, cocoa, coffee, cattle, timber.
Industry: Types--copra production, beef processing,
sawmilling, tourism, financial services.
Trade (2007): Exports--$29.9 million: coconut oil, copra,
kava, beef. Major markets--EU 44.9%, Philippines 14.0%,
Australia 12.1%, Japan 6.8%, New Caledonia 9.7%, Fiji 6.7%.
Imports--$201.7 million: machines and transport equipment,
food and live animals, basic manufactures, mineral fuels.
Major suppliers--Australia 31.1%, New Zealand 16.8%, Fiji
8.6%, Singapore 12.4%.
Average exchange rate (2008): U.S. $1 = 112.62 vatu.
Geography of Vanuatu
Area: Land--12,190 sq. km. (4,707 sq. miles) archipelago of 83
islands. Comparative area--about the size of Connecticut.
Cities: Capital--Port Vila (on the island of Efate), pop.
44,040. Other towns--Luganville (on the island of Espiritu
Santo, also known as Santo).
Terrain: Mostly mountains of volcanic origin, narrow coastal
Climate: Tropical or subtropical.
Government of Vanuatu
Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Independence (from France and U.K.): July 30, 1980.
Constitution: July 30, 1980.
Branches: Executive--president (head of state), prime minister
(head of government). Legislative--unicameral (52-member
Parliament). Judicial--Supreme Court.
Administrative subdivisions: 6 administrative districts.
Major political parties: Melanesian Progressive Party (MPP);
Union of Moderate Parties (UMP); National United Party (NUP);
Vanua'aku Party (VP); Vanuatu Republican Party (VRP); the
Confederation of Greens (CG); John Frum group; People's
Progressive Party (PPP); National Community Association (NCA).
Suffrage: Universal over 18.
Independence Day: July 30.
Map of Vanuatu
This Map of Vanuatu shows the borders of the country, as well as rivers, and
cities including Port Vila the capital of Vanuatu. (Maps from the U.S. State
Official Name of Vanuatu
The Official Name of Vanuatu is the Republic of Vanuatu.
(Facts from the U.S. State Department)
People of Vanuatu
Nationality: Noun and adjective--ni-Vanuatu.
Population (2009 census): 234,023.
Annual population growth rate (2009 census): 2.3%.
Ethnic groups: 94% ni-Vanuatu; 4% European; 2% other Pacific
Religion: Predominantly Christian (82%).
Languages: Bislama (Pidgin), English (official), French
(official), over 100 tribal languages.
Education: Enrollment in primary is 100% with rapid fall-off
to 20% in secondary and upper secondary. Adult literacy rate
(2007)--74% of those age 15 and older.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2008)--28/1,000. Life
expectancy (2008)--70 yrs.
Work force (1999): 134,000. Agriculture--65%. Industry--5%.
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